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अमुष्मै mDs

Today we will look at the form अमुष्मै mDs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् Sb4-24-40.

अर्थलिङ्गाय नभसे नमोऽन्तर्बहिरात्मने ।
नमः पुण्याय लोकाय अमुष्मै भूरिवर्चसे ।। ४-२४-४० ।।

Translation “Obeisance to the Lord, who as ether supplies a clue to (the existence of) objects (through its attribute, sound) and provides a basis for the conception of inside and outside. Salutations to Him in the form of that (well-known) sacred sphere of great splendor (known by the name of heaven).”

‘अदस्’ gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि । The विवक्षा here is पुंलिङ्गे चतुर्थी-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘अदस्’

(1) अदस् + ङे ।

(2) अद अ + ङे । By 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः, अदस् gets the अकारादेशः । As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य, only the ending सकार: gets replaced.

(3) अद + ङे । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे, the अकारः at the end of “अद” and the following अकारादेशः is replaced by अकारः (पररूपम्) as एकादेशः ।

(4) अद + स्मै । By 7-1-14 सर्वनाम्नः स्मै ,following a pronoun ending in अ, the affix ङे is replaced by स्मै ।।

(5) अमुस्मै । By 8-2-80 अदसोऽसेर्दादु दो मः, there is a substitution of उकार: in place of the अकार: following the दकार: of “अदस्” and the दकार: gets substituted by मकार:।

(6) अमुष्मै । By 8-3-59 आदेशप्रत्यययोः, the letter स् is replaced by the cerebral ष् when preceded either by a letter of the इण्-प्रत्याहार: or a letter of the क-वर्ग: (क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ्)। This substitution only takes place if the स् is an आदेश: (substitute) or part of a प्रत्यय: (affix.) In the present case, the सकार: is part of the स्मै-प्रत्यय:।


1. What would have been the final form in this example if the gender had been feminine?

2. We have studied another सूत्रम् (besides 8-2-80 अदसोऽसेर्दादु दो मः) wherein पाणिनि: specifically mentions the अदस्-प्रातिपदिकम्। Which one is it? Why did it not apply in this example? (Which condition was not satisfied?)

3. Where is the अदस्-प्रातिपदिकम् used in the Sixteenth Chapter of the गीता?

4. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-137 न संयोगाद्वमन्तात्‌ been used in the verse?

5. By which सूत्रम् does “नमस्” get the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“A student who follows the teaching of his Guru, is praiseworthy.” Use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “श्लाघ्य” for “praiseworthy” and use the verbal root “सृ” (सृ गतौ १. १०८५) with the उपसर्ग: “अनु” for “to follow.”

7. Please list the eleven synonyms of the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “भूरि” (meaning “abundant/great”) as given in the अमरकोश:। We have already seen these in a prior example. (Search this web site for “भूरि”)।

Advanced question:

1. In commenting on the सूत्रम् 8-2-80 अदसोऽसेर्दादु दो मः, the तत्त्वबोधिनी says – दात्परस्य किम्? “अमुया” “अमुयो:” इत्यत्राऽन्त्ययकारस्य माभूत्। Please explain.

Easy questions:

1. Can you spot a place in the verse where सन्धि-कार्यम् has not been done?

2. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-3-102 सुपि च been used?

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