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आश्चर्यवत् ind.

Today we will look at the form आश्चर्यवत् -ind. from श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता Bg2-29.

आश्चर्यवत्पश्यति कश्चिदेनमाश्चर्यवद्वदति तथैव चान्यः |
आश्चर्यवच्चैनमन्यः शृणोति श्रुत्वाप्येनं वेद न चैव कश्चित्‌ || २-२९||

Gita Press translation “Hardly anyone perceives this soul as marvellous , scarce another likewise speaks therof as marvellous, and scarce another hears of it as marvellous, while there are some who know it not even on hearing of it.”

“आश्चर्यवत्” is formed by adding the वतिँ-प्रत्ययः to the प्रातिपदिकम् “आश्चर्य”। (using the सूत्रम् 5-1-115 तेन तुल्यं क्रिया चेद्वतिः)।

“आश्चर्यवत्” gets प्रातिपदिकसञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘आश्चर्यवत्’।
“आश्चर्यवत्‌” gets अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-38 तद्धितश्चासर्वविभक्तिः – the words ending in a तद्धित-प्रत्यय:, after which it is not possible to introduce all of the सुँप्-affixes, are also designated as indeclinables. Since ‘आश्चर्यवत्‌’ is an अव्ययम्, it will only take the default सुँ-प्रत्यय:।

आश्चर्यवत्‌ + सुँ (default) ।

आश्चर्यवत्‌ । By 2-4-82 अव्ययादाप्सुपः – the feminine affix आप् and सुँप् affixes that are prescribed after an अव्ययम् take the लुक् elision.


1. Where has the वतिँ-प्रत्ययः been used in Chapter 6 of the गीता?

2. What is the प्रातिपदिकम् in the form “एनम्” (पुंलिङ्गे द्वितीया-एकवचनम्, अन्वादेशे)?
a) The प्रातिपदिकम् can only be “इदम्”।
b) The प्रातिपदिकम् can only be “एतत्”।
c) The प्रातिपदिकम् can be either “इदम्” or “एतत्”।
d) The प्रातिपदिकम् can be neither “इदम्” nor “एतत्”।

3. In this verse, can you spot another term (besides आश्चर्यवत्‌) that gets the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 1-1-38 तद्धितश्चासर्वविभक्तिः?

4. Which terms from the सर्वादि-गण: (ref. 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि) have been used in this verse?

5. Where has the सूत्रम् 1-1-40 क्त्वातोसुन्कसुनः been used?

6. Derive the form वदति (प्रथम-पुरुष-एकवचनम्, कर्तरि, लँट्) from the “वद्”-धातु: (वदँ व्यक्तायां वाचि १. ११६४)।

7. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Everyone looks at the अष्टाध्यायी as marvelous.” Use a verb from the verse for “looks at.”

8. Please list the three synonyms for आश्चर्यम् (प्रातिपदिकम् “आश्चर्य” neuter (can also be used an an adjective), meaning “wonder”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
विस्मयोऽद्भुतमाश्चर्यं चित्रमपि ।।१-७-१९।।
(इति चत्वारि “अद्भुतस्य” नामानि)

Easy questions:

1. Please do पदच्छेद: of श्रुत्वाप्येनम् and mention the relevant rules.

2. Derive the form क: (पुंलिङ्गे प्रथमा-एकवचनम्) from the सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् “किम्”।

3. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-88 वृद्धिरेचि been used in the verse?

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