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मीमांसकाः mNp

Today we will look at the form मीमांसकाः mNp from सुभाषितरत्नभाण्डागारम्।

मीमांसकाः कतिचिदत्र मिलन्ति वेदप्रामाण्यसाधनकृतोऽपि न तेऽभिवन्द्याः ।
उद्घोषितोऽप्युपनिषद्भिरशेषशेषी ब्रह्मैव नाभ्युपगतः पुरुषोत्तमो यैः ॥

Translation – A few Mīmāṃsakas are assembled here. Even though they have made the authority of the Vedas as their means, they are not worthy of respect because the Supreme Being, Brahma itself – Who remains after everything else – has not been realized by them, even though He has been proclaimed by the Upaniṣads.

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘मीमांसक’ used in the verse is derived as follows –
मीमांसामधीते वेद वा = मीमांसकः – a person who studies or knows Mīmāṃsā (a system of philosophy)
In the verse, the विवक्षा is प्रथमा-बहुवचनम्। Hence the form is मीमांसकाः।

(1) मीमांसा अम् + वुन् । By 4-2-61 क्रमादिभ्यो वुन् – To denote a person who studies or knows that (subject matter), the तद्धित: affix ‘वुन्’ may be optionally applied following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in the second case affix and has as its base ‘क्रम’ etc (listed in the क्रमादि-गण:) which denotes that (subject matter).
Note: The affix ‘वुन्’ prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-2-61 is a अपवादः to the affix ‘अण्’ prescribed by 4-2-59 तदधीते तद्वेद।

(2) मीमांसा अम् + वु । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः ।

Note: ‘मीमांसा अम् + वु’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) मीमांसा + वु । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

(4) मीमांसा + अक । By 7-1-1 युवोरनाकौ – The affixes ‘यु’ and ‘वु’ are substituted respectively by ‘अन’ and ‘अक’। As per 1-1-55 अनेकाल्शित्सर्वस्य the entire affix ‘वु’ is replaced by ‘अक’।

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘मीमांसा’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) मीमांस् + अक । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of a अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= मीमांसक । Note: The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘मीमांसक’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

पौराणिकाः mNp

Today we will look at the form पौराणिकाः mNp from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 12.7.5.

त्रय्यारुणिः कश्यपश्च सावर्णिरकृतव्रणः । वैशम्पायनहारीतौ षड्वै पौराणिका इमे ॥ १२-७-५ ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
No commentary on this verse.

Gita Press translation – Trayyāruṇi, Kaśyapa, Sāvarṇi, Akṛtavraṇa, Vaiśampāyana and Hārīta – these, as a matter of fact, are the six teachers of the Purāṇas.(5)

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘पौराणिक’ used in the verse is derived as follows –
पुराणान्यधीते वेद वा = पौराणिकः – a person who studies or knows the Purāṇas

In the verse the विवक्षा is प्रथमा-बहुवचनम्। Hence the form is पौराणिकाः।

(1) पुराण शस् + ठक् । By वार्तिकम् (under the सूत्रम् 4-2-60 क्रतूक्थादिसूत्रान्ताट्ठक्) आख्यानाख्यायिकेतिहासपुराणेभ्यश्च – To denote a person who studies or knows that (subject matter), the तद्धित: affix ‘ठक्’ may be optionally applied following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in the second case affix and has as its base either –
i) the name of a narrative (आख्यानम्) or a story (आख्यायिका), or
ii) the word ‘इतिहास’ or ‘पुराण’।
Note: The affix ‘ठक्’ prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-2-60 as well as the above वार्तिकम् is a अपवादः to the affix ‘अण्’ prescribed by 4-2-59 तदधीते तद्वेद।

(2) पुराण शस् + ठ् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः । The letter ‘अ’ in the affix ‘ठक्’ is only for the sake of pronunciation (उच्चारणार्थ:)।

(3) पुराण शस् + इक । By 7-3-50 ठस्येकः – ‘इक’ is substituted in place of the letter ‘ठ्’, when it follows a अङ्गम्।

‘पुराण शस् + इक’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(4) पुराण + इक । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

(5) पौराण + इक । By 7-2-118 किति च – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is a कित् (has the letter ‘क्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘पौराण’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(6) पौराण् + इक । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of a अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= पौराणिक । Note: The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘पौराणिक’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

वैयाकरणकिराताद् m-Ab-s

Today we will look at the form वैयाकरणकिराताद् m-Ab-s from सुभाषितरत्नभाण्डागारम्।

वैयाकरणकिरातादपशब्दमृगाः क्व यान्ति संत्रस्ताः ।
ज्योतिर्नटविटगायकभिषगाननगह्वराणि यदि न स्युः ॥

Translation – Terrified by the hunter in the form of a grammarian, where would the deer in the form of corrupted words go if there were no caves in the form of the mouths of astrologers, actors, paramours, singers and physicians.

Note: The gist of the verse is that astrologers, actors, etc., keep using corrupted words, in spite of the grammarians pointing them out.

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वैयाकरण’ used in the compound form वैयाकरणकिराताद् is derived as follows –
व्याकरणमधीते वेद वा = वैयाकरणः – a person who studies or knows grammar

(1) व्याकरण अम् + अण् । By 4-2-59 तदधीते तद्वेद – To denote a person who studies or knows that (subject matter), the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be optionally applied following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in the second case affix and has a base which denotes that (subject matter).

(2) व्याकरण अम् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः ।

‘व्याकरण अम् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) व्याकरण + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।
Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्). This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to come for application to perform the वृद्धिः substitution in place of the letter ’आ’, which is the first vowel of the अङ्गम् ‘व्याकरण’। Even though the vowel ‘आ’ is already a वृद्धिः letter, the सूत्रम् 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः still comes for application as per the न्यायः ‘पर्जन्यवल्लक्षणप्रवृत्तिः’ – Just as rain falls equally on land as well as sea, similarly a rule is applied whether or not there is a net effect.
Since the letter ‘य्’ (which has come in place of the letter ‘इ’ as per the सूत्रम् 6-1-77 इको यणचि) in the अङ्गम् ‘व्याकरण’ (= ‘वि + आ + करण’) is at the end of a पदम्, the सूत्रम् 7-3-3 stops 7-2-117 here. And simultaneously, the augment ‘ऐ’ attaches prior to the letter ‘य्’।

(4) वै याकरण + अ । By 7-3-3 न य्वाभ्यां पदान्ताभ्यां पूर्वौ तु ताभ्यामैच् – A vowel that follows the letter ‘य्’ / ‘व्’ situated at the end of a पदम् does not take the वृद्धिः substitution (which would have been prescribed by 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः, 7-2-118 किति च), instead the augment ऐच् (letter ‘ऐ’ or ‘औ’) attaches prior to such a letter (‘य्’ or ‘व्’)।
Note: As per the परिभाषा-सूत्रम् 1-3-10 यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम् the augment ‘ऐ’ attaches prior to the letter ‘य्’ and the augment ‘औ’ attaches prior to the letter ‘व्’, as the case may be.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वैयाकरण’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) वैयाकरण् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of a अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= वैयाकरण ।

The compound ‘वैयाकरणकिरात’ is a कर्मधारयः compound which may be explained as a शाकपार्थिवादिसमासः as follows –
वैयाकरणरूपः किरातः = वैयाकरणकिरातः – a hunter in the form of a grammarian

वात्यारूपधरः mNs

Today we will look at the form वात्यारूपधरः mNs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.7.26.

तृणावर्तः शान्तरयो वात्यारूपधरो हरन् । कृष्णं नभोगतो गन्तुं नाशक्नोद्भूरिभारभृत् ।। १०-७-२६ ।।
तमश्मानं मन्यमान आत्मनो गुरुमत्तया । गले गृहीत उत्स्रष्टुं नाशक्नोदद्भुतार्भकम् ।। १०-७-२७ ।।

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
वात्या चक्रवातस्तद्रूपधरः कृष्णं हरन् शान्तरयः कथंचिन्नभोगतस्ततः परं गन्तुं नाशक्नोदित्यर्थः ।। २६ ।। गुरुमत्तयाऽतिगौरवेण तं तथा अश्मानमश्मवन्तं पर्वतप्रायं मन्यमानस्तेनैवात्मनो गले गृहीतत्वात्तं त्यक्तुमिच्छन्नपि नाशक्नोदित्यर्थः ।। २७ ।।

Gita Press translation – Carrying away Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Tṛṇāvarta, who had assumed the form of a whirlwind, went up to the skies (to a certain height) but could not proceed (further), his impetuosity having ceased now that he (felt he) was carrying a huge burden (since the Lord had grown heavy again) (26). Taking that wonderful Boy to be a rock (of sapphire) because of His being heavier than himself (and having given up the form of a whirlwind), he could not cast Him away, caught as he was by the throat (27).

The above verses have previously appeared in the following post – मन्यमानः-mns

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वात्या’ used in the form वात्यारूपधरः is derived as follows –
वातानां समूहः = वात्या – whirlwind (a group of winds)

(1) वात आम् + य । By 4-2-49 पाशादिभ्यो यः – To denote a collection/group, the तद्धित: affix ‘य’ may be optionally applied following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in the sixth case affix and has ‘पाश’ etc (listed in the पाशादि-गण:) as its base.
Note: The word ‘वात’ is listed in the पाशादि-गणः। This allows 4-2-49 to apply here.
Note: The affix ‘य’ prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-2-49 is a अपवादः to the default affix ‘अण्’ prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-2-37 तस्य समूहः।

‘वात आम् + य’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(2) वात + य । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।
Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वात’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(3) वात् + य = वात्य । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of a अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

Note: Words derived by using this सूत्रम् are used in the feminine gender in the language. Hence we form the feminine word ‘वात्या’ by adding the feminine affix टाप् as follows –

(4) वात्य + टाप् । By 4-1-4 अजाद्यतष्टाप्‌ – The प्रातिपदिकानि ‘अज’ etc. and प्रातिपदिकानि ending in the letter ‘अ’ get the टाप् affix in the feminine gender.

(5) वात्य + आ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(6) वात्या । By 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः

Similarly, we can derive the following forms –
१) पाशानां समूहः = पाश्या – a group of snares
२) तृणानां समूहः = तृण्या – a heap of straws

To derive the compound प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वात्यारूपधर’ we first form the षष्ठी-तत्पुरुष-समासः ‘वात्यारूप’ as follows –

वात्याया रूपं = वात्यारूपम् – the form of a whirlwind

अलौकिक-विग्रह: –
(7) वात्या ङस् + रूप सुँ । By 2-2-8 षष्ठी – A पदम् ending in a sixth case affix optionally compounds with a (syntactically related) पदम् ending in a सुँप् affix and the resulting compound gets the designation तत्पुरुष:।

(8) By 1-2-43 प्रथमानिर्दिष्टं समास उपसर्जनम् – the term ‘वात्या ङस्’ gets the designation उपसर्जनम् because in the सूत्रम् 2-2-8 (which prescribes the compounding) the term षष्ठी ends in the nominative case. Hence ‘वात्या ङस्’ is placed in the prior position in the compound as per the सूत्रम् 2-2-30 उपसर्जनं पूर्वम्‌ – In a compound a term which has the designation ‘उपसर्जन’ should be placed in the prior position.

Note: ‘वात्या ङस् + रूप सुँ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 to apply in the next step.

(9) वात्या + रूप । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

= वात्यारूप ।

The विग्रहः of the षष्ठी-तत्पुरुषः compound ‘वात्यारूपधर’ is वात्यारूपस्य धरः = वात्यारूपधरः – one who possesses the form of a whirlwind

The प्रातिपदिकम् ’धर’ is derived from the verbal root √धृ (धृञ् धारणे १. १०४७) as follows –

(10) धृ + अच् । By वार्तिकम् (under 3-1-134 नन्दिग्रहिपचादिभ्यो ल्युणिन्यचः) – अज्विधिः सर्वधातुभ्यः – The affix ‘अच्’ may be used after any verbal root (to denote the agent/doer of the action.)

(11) धृ + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोप: by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। Note: The affix ‘अ’ gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः। This allows 7-3-84 to apply below.
Note: Since the affix ‘अ’ does not begin with a letter belonging to the प्रत्याहार: ‘वल्’, it cannot take the augment ‘इट्’ which would have been prescribed by the सूत्रम् 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः।

(12) धर् + अ = धर । By 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः, 1-1-51 उरण् रपरः

Now we form the षष्ठी-तत्पुरुषः compound ‘वात्यारूपधर’ as follows –

(13) वात्यारूप ङस् + धर सुँ । By 2-2-8 षष्ठी – A पदम् ending in a sixth case affix optionally compounds with a (syntactically related) पदम् ending in a सुँप् affix and the resulting compound gets the designation तत्पुरुष:।

By 1-2-43 प्रथमानिर्दिष्टं समास उपसर्जनम् – the term ‘वात्यारूप ङस्’ gets the designation उपसर्जनम् because in the सूत्रम् 2-2-8 (which prescribes the compounding) the term षष्ठी ends in the nominative case. Hence ’वात्यारूप ङस्’ is placed in the prior position in the compound as per the सूत्रम् 2-2-30 उपसर्जनं पूर्वम् – In a compound a term which has the designation ‘उपसर्जन’ should be placed in the prior position.
Note: ‘वात्यारूप ङस् + धर सुँ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 to apply in the next step.

(14) वात्यारूप + धर । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

= वात्यारूपधर ।

Note: As per the सूत्रम् 2-4-26 परवल्लिङ्गं द्वन्द्वतत्पुरुषयोः, the compound प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वात्यारूपधर’ is an adjective since the latter member ‘धर’ of the compound is an adjective. Here it is used in the masculine since वात्यारूपधरः is qualifying तृणावर्तः। The compound declines like राम-शब्द:। प्रथमा-एकवचनम् is वात्यारूपधरः।

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