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माति 3As-लँट्

Today we will look at the form माति 3As-लँट् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 2-7-30.

गृह्णीत यद्यदुपबन्धममुष्य माता शुल्बं सुतस्य न तु तत्तदमुष्य माति ।
यज्जृम्भतोऽस्य वदने भुवनानि गोपी संवीक्ष्य शङ्कितमनाः प्रतिबोधितासीत् ।। २-७-३० ।।

Gita Press translation “Every cord that His mother (Yaśodā) catches hold of to bind her Child will prove in adequate. Nay, when the cowherd lady (Yaśodā) beholds the (fourteen) spheres in His mouth, even as He yawns, she will at first be filled with dismay and then she will be roused to a sense of His supreme divinity.”

माति is derived from the धातुः √मा (मा माने, अदादि-गणः, धातु-पाठः #२. ५७)

The विवक्षा is लँट्, कर्तरि प्रयोग:, प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम्।

In the धातु-पाठः, the √मा-धातुः has no इत् letters. It is devoid of any indications for bringing in आत्मनेपद-प्रत्यया:। Therefore, as per 1-3-78 शेषात् कर्तरि परस्मैपदम्, the √मा-धातुः, in कर्तरि प्रयोग:, will take the परस्मैपद-प्रत्यया: by default. As per 1-4-99 लः परस्मैपदम्, 1-4-100 तङानावात्मनेपदम्, the nine प्रत्यया: from “तिप्” to “मस्” get the परस्मैपद-सञ्ज्ञा। So √मा-धातुः can take only one of these nine प्रत्यया: in कर्तरि प्रयोग:। Since the विवक्षा is प्रथम-पुरुष-एकवचनम्, the प्रत्यय: will be “तिप्”।

(1) मा + लँट् । By 3-2-123 वर्तमाने लट्, the affix लँट् comes after a धातुः when denoting an action in the present tense.

(2) मा + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) मा + तिप् । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस् तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates the प्रत्ययः “तिप्” as the substitute for the लकारः। “तिप्” gets the सार्वधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-113 तिङ्शित्सार्वधातुकम् – The affixes of the तिङ्-प्रत्याहारः and the affixes that have शकारः as an इत् get the designation of सार्वधातुकम् if they are prescribed in the “धातो:” अधिकार:।

(4) मा +  ति । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् , 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(5) मा + शप् + ति । By 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌, the शप्-प्रत्यय: is placed after a verbal root, when followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: that is used signifying the agent.

(6) माति । By 2-4-72 अदिप्रभृतिभ्यः शपः, the शप्-प्रत्ययः takes the लुक् elision when following a verbal root belonging to अदादि-गणः।


1. Where has the “इदम्”-प्रातिपदिकम् been used in the verse?

2. In which सूत्रम् (that we’ve studied) does पाणिनि: specifically mention √मा? Why didn’t this सूत्रम् apply in the present example? (Which condition was not satisfied?)

3. Where has 8-2-80 अदसोऽसेर्दादु दो मः been used in the verse?

4. Can you spot a “अनङ्”-आदेश: in the verse?

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Fire is inferred from smoke.” Use √मा (मा माने, धातु-पाठः #२. ५७) with the उपसर्ग: “अनु” for “to infer.” (Use a passive form.)

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“One who has faith obtains knowledge.” Take the answer directly from the गीता।

Easy questions:

1. Which term used in the verse has the नदी-सञ्ज्ञा?

2. Where has 7-1-72 नपुंसकस्य झलचः been used in the verse?

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