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मघवतः mGs

Today we will look at the form मघवतः-mGs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् SB 10-18-29.

स आहतः सपदि विशीर्णमस्तको मुखाद्वमन्रुधिरमपस्मृतोऽसुरः ।
महारवं व्यसुरपतत्समीरयन्गिरिर्यथा मघवत आयुधाहतः ।। १०-१८-२९ ।।

Gita Press translation “With his head smashed forthwith and deprived of his consciousness when struck (by Balarāma), and vomiting blood, the said demon fell dead, uttering a loud cry, as a mountain struck with the weapon of Indra.”

‘मघवन्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम्। The विवक्षा here is षष्ठी-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘मघवन्’

(1) मघवन् + ङस् ।

(2) मघवतृँ + ङस् । By 6-4-128 मघवा बहुलम्, मघवन् gets “तृँ” replacement optionally. As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य, only the ending नकार: gets replaced.

(3) मघवतस् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending सकारः of ङस् from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(4) मघवतः । रुँत्व-विसर्गौ – 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः


1. Which is the other optional final form in this example? (When the तृँ-आदेश: is not done.)

2. By which सूत्रम् does “सपदि” get the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा?

3. In which other सूत्रम् (besides 6-4-128 मघवा बहुलम्) does पाणिनि: mention the प्रातिपदिकम् “मघवन्”। Why didn’t that सूत्रम् apply in this example?

4. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-1-70 उगिदचां सर्वनामस्थानेऽधातोः been used in this verse?

5. Which other विभक्ति:/वचनम् of the प्रातिपदिकम् “मघवन्” will give the form मघवत:?

6. The अमरकोश: gives thirty-four (!) synonyms for “इन्द्र:” (प्रातिपदिकम् “इन्द्र” masculine.) One of the them is मघवा (प्रातिपदिकम् “मघवन्” masculine). Please list the other thirty-three. We have already seen these in a prior example. (Search this web site for “मघवान्”)।

7. Which one of these (answer to question 6) has been used in chapter ten of the गीता?

8. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Struck by Sri Rama’s arrow, Ravana fell on the ground, instantly.” Use a प्रातिपदिकम् from the verse for “struck”, use a verb from the verse for “fell” and an अव्ययम् from the verse for “instantly.”

Easy questions:

1. Derive the form “मुखात्” (पञ्चमी-एकवचनम्) from the प्रातिपदिकम् “मुख” (declined like ज्ञान/वन-शब्द:)।

2. Where has the सूत्रम् 8-3-19 लोपः शाकल्यस्य been used in the verse?

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