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Daily Archives: April 1, 2011

अस्य mGs

Today we will look at the form अस्य-mGs from श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता Bg11-43.

पितासि लोकस्य चराचरस्य त्वमस्य पूज्यश्च गुरुर्गरीयान्‌ |
न त्वत्समोऽस्त्यभ्यधिकः कुतोऽन्यो लोकत्रयेऽप्यप्रतिमप्रभाव || ११-४३||

Gita Press translation “You are the father, nay, the greatest teacher of this moving and unmoving creation, and worthy of adoration. O Lord of incomparable might, in all the three worlds there is none else even equal to You; how, then, can anyone be superior to You?”

‘इदम्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि । The विवक्षा here is पुंलिङ्गे षष्ठी-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘इदम्’

(1) इदम् + ङस् ।

(2) इद अ + ङस् । By 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः, इदम् gets the अकारादेशः। As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य , only the ending मकार: gets replaced.

(3) इद् अ + ङस् । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे, the अकारः at the end of ‘इद’ and the following अकारादेशः is replaced by अकारः (पररूपम्) as एकादेशः ।

(4) इद् अ + स्य । By 7-1-12 टाङसिङसामिनात्स्याः, since the ङस्-प्रत्यय: is following an अङ्गम् ending in an अकार:, it is replaced by “स्य”। As per 1-1-55 अनेकाल्शित्सर्वस्य the entire ङस्-प्रत्यय: is replaced.

(5) अस्य । By 7-2-113 हलि लोपः, The “इद्” of इदम् that is without the ककारः takes लोपः, when the विभक्तिः affixes of the आप्-प्रत्याहारः, which begin with a consonant, follow. This rule is an अपवाद: (exception) to the prior rule 7-2-112 अनाप्यकः
Only the दकारः of “इद्” would take लोपः by 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य। But the following परिभाषा takes effect: नानर्थकेऽलोन्त्यविधिरनभ्यासविकारे।
This means that the rule 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य does not apply in the case of a term that is devoid of meaning, except in the case which involves modification of an अभ्यास:।
In this example, the entire term इदम् has meaning but the “इद्” part doesn’t. So 1-1-52 will not apply when it comes to operating on the “इद्” part. Therefore, the “इद्” part completely takes लोपः by 7-2-113.


1. The आप्-प्रत्याहारः referred to in the सूत्रम् 7-2-112 अनाप्यकः contains which प्रत्यया:?

2. Which noun in the verse is being qualified by the pronoun अस्य? (Since अस्य is declined पुंलिङ्गे षष्ठी-एकवचनम्, the noun that it is qualifying will also be masculine and declined षष्ठी-एकवचनम्)।

3. Can you spot an अनङ्-आदेश: in the verse?

4. Which terms from the प्रादि-गण: (reference 1-4-58 प्रादयः) have been used in this verse?

5. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-10 सान्तमहतः संयोगस्य been used?

6. The word कुत: is formed by using the तसिँल्-प्रत्यय: using the सूत्रम् 5-3-7 पञ्चम्यास्तसिल्। By which सूत्रम् does it get the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा?

7. How would you say the following in Sanskrit?
“The coming Monday is the first day of the New Year.” Use a verb from the verse for “is”, use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “आगामिन्” for “coming.”

8. Please state the one synonym for the word “पूज्य:” (प्रातिपदिकम् “पूज्य” adjective, meaning “worthy of honor”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
पूज्यः प्रतीक्ष्यः ।।३-१-५।।
(इति द्वे “पूज्यस्य” नामनी)

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-109 एङः पदान्तादति been used in the verse? How about 8-4-40 स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः?

2. Derive the form लोकस्य (षष्ठी-एकवचनम्) from the प्रातिपदिकम् “लोक” (declined like राम-शब्द:)।