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Daily Archives: April 18, 2011

स्वकृतभुक् mNs

Today we will look at the form स्वकृतभुक्-mNs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् Sb10-54-38

मैवास्मान्साध्व्यसूयेथा भ्रातुर्वैरूप्यचिन्तया ।
सुखदुःखदो न चान्योऽस्ति यतः स्वकृतभुक्पुमान् ।। १०-५४-३८ ।।

Gita Press translation “(Turning towards Rukmiṇī,) please do not take offense with us, O good lady, thinking of the disfiguration of your brother. None else is responsible for one’s joy and sorrow; for a man reaps the fruit of his own doings (in the shape of pleasurable and painful experiences).”

‘स्वकृतभुज्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। The विवक्षा here is प्रथमा-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘स्वकृतभुज्’

(1) स्वकृतभुज् + सुँ ।

(2) स्वकृतभुज् + स् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(3) स्वकृतभुज् । सकार-लोपः by 6-1-68 हल्ङ्याब्भ्यो दीर्घात्‌ सुतिस्यपृक्तं हल्। Using 1-1-62 प्रत्ययलोपे प्रत्ययलक्षणम् स्वकृतभुज् gets पद-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम्

(4) स्वकृतभुग् । By 8-2-30 चोः कुः, the consonants of the च-वर्ग: (च्, छ्, ज्, झ्, ञ्) get the consonants of the क-वर्ग: (क्, ख्, ग्, घ्, ङ्) as a replacement when they occur at the end of a पदम् or when they are followed by a झल् letter.

(5) स्वकृतभुग् / स्वकृतभुक् । By 8-4-56 वाऽवसाने, a झल् letter is optionally replaced by a चर् letter when nothing follows.

Questions:

1. In the verse, can you spot a word that has taken the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 1-1-38 तद्धितश्चासर्वविभक्तिः?

2. Find four सूत्राणि from the “6-1-84 एकः पूर्वपरयोः” अधिकार: that have been used in this verse.

3. We have studied another सूत्रम् (besides 8-2-30 चोः कुः) that prescribes a क-वर्गादेश:। Which one is it?

4. Just as in this example, where in Chapter Ten of the गीता has the सूत्रम् 8-2-30 चोः कुः been used to change a letter of the च-वर्ग: occurring at the end of a पदम् to the corresponding letter of the क-वर्ग:?

5. Can you spot a असुँङ्-आदेश: in the verse?

6. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-3-107 अम्बाऽर्थनद्योर्ह्रस्वः been used?

7. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Where there is righteousness, there there is happiness.” Use the masculine प्रातिपदिकम् “धर्म” for “righteousness”, use a verb from the verse for “is.”

8. Please list the three synonyms for the word “साध्वी” (प्रातिपदिकम् “साध्वी” feminine, meaning “virtuous woman/faithful wife”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
सुचरित्रा तु सती साध्वी पतिव्रता ।।२-६-६।।
(इति चत्वारि “पतिसेवातत्पराया:” नामानि)

Easy questions:

1. Derive the form वैरूप्यचिन्तया (तृतीया-एकवचनम्) from the स्त्रीलिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् “वैरूप्यचिन्ता”। (Use 7-3-105 आङि चापः)।

2. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-114 हशि च been used?

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