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Daily Archives: April 9, 2011

विज्ञातुम् ind.

Today we will look at the form विज्ञातुम्-ind. from श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता Bg11-31.

आख्याहि मे को भवानुग्ररूपो नमोऽस्तु ते देववर प्रसीद |
विज्ञातुमिच्छामि भवन्तमाद्यं न हि प्रजानामि तव प्रवृत्तिम्‌ || ११-३१||

Gita Press translation “Tell me who You are with a form so terrible? My obeisance to You, O best of gods; be kind to me. I wish to know You, the Primal Being, in particular; for I know not Your purpose.”

विज्ञातुम् is a तुमुँन्-प्रत्ययान्त-शब्दः formed (using the सूत्रम् 3-3-158 समानकर्तृकेषु तुमुन्) from the धातुः “ज्ञा” along with उपसर्गः “वि”। It gives the meaning of “to comprehend.”

‘विज्ञातुम्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘विज्ञातुम्’
By 1-1-39 कृन्मेजन्तः, the words formed from कृत्-affixes ending in the मकारः or एच् are also designated as indeclinables. Since ‘विज्ञातुम्’ is an अव्ययम्, it will only take the default सुँ-प्रत्यय:।

(1) विज्ञातुम् + सुँ ।

(2) विज्ञातुम् । By 2-4-82 अव्ययादाप्सुपः, the feminine affix आप् and सुँप् affixes that are prescribed after an अव्ययम् take the लुक् elision.

Questions:

1. Which section (from which सूत्रम् up to which सूत्रम्) of the अष्टाध्यायी contains the कृत्-प्रत्यया:?

2. Which अव्ययम् used in the verse has been translated to “for”?

3. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-14 अत्वसन्तस्य चाधातोः been used?

4. In which verse (in Chapter 11) of the गीता is the तुमुँन्-प्रत्यय: used three times?

5. Where has the अस्मद्-प्रातिपदिकम् been used? Is it an alternate form?

6. Which of the following is true of कृत्-प्रत्यया: ending in एच् (ए, ओ, ऐ, औ)? (These are referred to in the सूत्रम् 1-1-39 कृन्मेजन्तः)।
a) They are used only भाषायाम् (in Classical Sanskrit)
b) They are used only छन्दसि (in the वेद:)
c) They are used both भाषायाम् and छन्दसि
d) They are used neither भाषायाम् nor छन्दसि

7. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“I want to go to India in the coming month.” Use a verb from the verse for “I want”, use the अव्ययम् “गन्तुम्” for “to go”, use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “आगामिन्” for “coming” and use the masculine noun “भारत-देश” for “India.”

8. Please state the one synonym of the word “उग्रम्” (प्रातिपदिकम् “उग्र” adjective, meaning “fierce”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
रौद्रं तूग्रम् ।।१-७-२०।।
(इति द्वे “रौद्ररसस्य” नामनी)

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-113 अतो रोरप्लुतादप्लुते been used?

2. Derive the form “भवन्तम्” (पुंलिङ्गे द्वितीया-एकवचनम्) from the सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् “भवत्”। (Use 7-1-70 उगिदचां सर्वनामस्थानेऽधातोः)।

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