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धात्री fNs

Today we will look at the form धात्री-fNs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् Sb10-56-21.

तमपूर्वं नरं दृष्ट्वा धात्री चुक्रोश भीतवत् ।
तच्छ्रुत्वाभ्यद्रवत्क्रुद्धो जाम्बवान्बलिनां वरः ।। १०-५६-२१ ।।

Gita Press translation “The nurse shrieked as though afraid to see that wonderful human being (but really on perceiving the latter’s intention to carry the gem away). Enraged to hear the scream, Jāmbavān, the foremost of the mighty, rushed to meet Him.”

The feminine ङीप्-प्रत्ययान्त-शब्दः “धात्री” is formed by adding the ङीप्-प्रत्ययः to the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “धातृ”।

धातृ + ङीप् । By 4-1-5 ऋन्नेभ्यो ङीप्‌, the प्रातिपदिकानि that end in a ऋकारः or नकारः get the ङीप् affix in the feminine gender.
धातृ + ई । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
धात्री । यणादेशः by 6-1-77 इको यणचि

Since धात्री is a ङीप्-प्रत्ययान्त-शब्दः, it can take the affixes listed under the अधिकारः “4-1-1 ङ्याप्प्रातिपदिकात्” । The विवक्षा here is प्रथमा-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the ङीप्-प्रत्ययान्त-शब्दः ‘धात्री’

(1) धात्री + सुँ ।

(2) धात्री + स् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) धात्री । By 6-1-68 हल्ङ्याब्भ्यो दीर्घात्‌ सुतिस्यपृक्तं हल्, a single letter affix सुँ, ति or सि is dropped following a base ending in a consonant or in the long feminine affix “ङी” or “आप्”।


1. Which of the following is true with regard to “धात्री”?
a) It has the नदी-सञ्ज्ञा but not the घि-सञ्ज्ञा
b) It has the घि-सञ्ज्ञा but not the नदी-सञ्ज्ञा
c) It has both the घि-सञ्ज्ञा and the नदी-सञ्ज्ञा
d) It has neither the घि-सञ्ज्ञा nor the नदी-सञ्ज्ञा

2. Can you spot two words in the verse which have got the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 1-1-40 क्त्वातोसुन्कसुनः?

3. How about one which has got the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 1-1-38 तद्धितश्चासर्वविभक्तिः?

4. The form बलिनाम् is पुंलिङ्गे षष्ठी-बहुवचनम्। Is the प्रातिपदिकम् “बलि” or “बलिन्”?

5. Where has the सूत्रम् 4-1-5 ऋन्नेभ्यो ङीप्‌ been used in Chapter 18 of the गीता? (Hint: After the ङीप्-प्रत्यय: is added the declension will follow that of नदी-शब्द:। In Chapter 18 highlight words which are declined like नदी-शब्द:। They will not be many – because the गीता does not have many feminine forms. Among these highlighted words, look for one in which 4-1-5 ऋन्नेभ्यो ङीप्‌ has been used.)

6. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-14 अत्वसन्तस्य चाधातोः been used?

7. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Seeing his own mother fainted, the boy shrieked like one terrified.” Use the अव्ययम् “दृष्ट्वा” for “seeing (having seen)”, the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “मूर्च्छित” for “fainted”, use a verb from the verse for “shrieked” and use an अव्ययम् from the verse for “like one terrified.”

8. The अमरकोश: gives three possible meanings for “धात्री” –
धात्री स्यादुपमाताऽपि क्षितिरप्यामलक्यपि ॥३-३-१७६॥
In which meaning has it been used in this verse?

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सुत्रम् 8-4-63 शश्छोऽटि been used in this verse?

2. Derive the form “तम्” (पुंलिङ्गे द्वितीया-एकवचनम्) from the सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् “तद्”। (Use 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः)।

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