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Daily Archives: April 4, 2011

अमुना mIs

Today we will look at the form अमुना-mIs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् Sb10-56-31.

मणिहेतोरिह प्राप्ता वयमृक्षपते बिलम् ।
मिथ्याभिशापं प्रमृजन्नात्मनो मणिनामुना ।। १०-५६-३१ ।।

Gita Press translation “For the sake of this gem did we (the leading citizens of Dwārakā headed by Myself) arrive at (the mouth of) your cave, O chief of bears; whereas I came here (inside the cave) with a view to wiping off the false imputation against Me through that gem.”

‘अदस्’ gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि । The विवक्षा here is पुंलिङ्गे तृतीया-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टा… mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘अदस्’

(1) अदस् + टा ।

(2) अद अ + टा । By 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः, अदस् gets the अकारादेशः । As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य, only the ending सकार: gets replaced.

(3) अद + टा । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे, the अकारः at the end of “अद” and the following अकारादेशः is replaced by अकारः (पररूपम्) as एकादेशः ।

(4) अमु + टा । By 8-2-80 अदसोऽसेर्दादु दो मः, there is a substitution of उकार:/ऊकार: in place of the letter (vowel) following the दकार: of “अदस्” and the दकार: gets substituted by मकार:। This rule does not apply when there is a सकार: at the end of “अदस्”।
Note: As per 1-1-50 स्थानेऽन्तरतमः, there will be an उकार: substitution if the vowel following the दकार: is ह्रस्व: (short) and there will be an ऊकार: substitution if the vowel following the दकार: is दीर्घ: (long.)

As per 8-2-3 न मु ने, when the “ना”-आदेश: (by 7-3-120 आङो नाऽस्त्रियाम्) is to be done or has been done, the “मु”-आदेश: is not असिद्ध:। Therefore, 7-1-12 टाङसिङसामिनात्स्याः is not applied, because doing so will make 8-2-3 useless. On the same basis 7-3-102 सुपि च also does not apply after the ना-आदेशः by 7-3-120.
See question 8 and advanced question 1.

(5) अमुना । “अमु” gets the घि-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-7 शेषो घ्यसखि। By 7-3-120 आङो नाऽस्त्रियाम् – Following a अङ्गम् having घि-सञ्ज्ञा, the affix “आङ्” is replaced by “ना”, but not in the feminine gender. “आङ्” is an ancient name for the (instrumental singular) affix “टा”।


1. Can you spot a word from the स्वरादि-गण: (reference 1-1-37 स्वरादिनिपातमव्ययम्) used in this verse?

2. The अव्ययम् “इह” is derived by adding the तद्धित-प्रत्यय: “ह” to the प्रातिपदिकम् “इदम्” using the सूत्रम् 5-3-11 इदमो हः। (इदम् takes the इश्-आदेश: as per 5-3-3 इदम इश्)। By which सूत्रम् does इह get the अव्यय-सञ्ज्ञा?

3. “इह” comes as the last word in which chapter of the गीता?

4. Where else (besides in “अमुना”) has the सूत्रम् 7-3-120 आङो नाऽस्त्रियाम् been used?

5. Which terms from the प्रादि-गण: (reference 1-4-58 प्रादयः) occur in the verse? Which of these have the उपसर्ग-सञ्ज्ञा (reference 1-4-59 उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे)?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“When did the guests arrive here?” Use the प्रातिपदिकम् “अतिथि” for guest and the अव्ययम् “कदा” for “when.” Use a प्रातिपदिकम् from the verse for “did arrive.”

7. The अमरकोश: gives four words which mean “bear.” One of them is “ऋक्ष:” (प्रातिपदिकम् “ऋक्ष” masculine) used in this verse. Please list the other three.
ऋक्षाच्छभल्लभल्लूका: ।।२-५-४।।
(इति चत्वारि “भल्लूकस्य” नामानि)

Note: Some editions of अमरकोश: have “भालूका:” instead of “भल्लूका:”।

8. Derive the form “ने” used in the सूत्रम् 8-2-3 न मु ने। It is सप्तमी-एकवचनम् of the प्रातिपदिकम् “ना”।

Advanced question:

1. The सप्तमी used in “ने” in the सूत्रम् “8-2-3 न मु ने” is treated as a विषय-सप्तमी as well as a पर-सप्तमी (reference 1-1-66 तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य)। Please explain.

Easy questions:

1. Please do पदच्छेद: of प्रमृजन्नात्मन: and mention the relevant rules.

2. Where has the अस्मद्-प्रातिपदिकम् been used in this verse?

3. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-69 एङ्ह्रस्वात्‌ सम्बुद्धेः been used?