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भिषक् mNs

Today we will look at the form भिषक्-mNs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् SB 6-1-8

तस्मात्पुरैवाश्विह पापनिष्कृतौ यतेत मृत्योरविपद्यताऽऽत्मना।
दोषस्य दृष्ट्वा गुरुलाघवं यथा भिषक् चिकित्सेत रुजां निदानवित् ।।६-१-८।।

Gita Press translation “Therefore, with a body not (yet) incapacitated (for penance), one should take prompt measures here, even before death, for the atonement of one’s sins, after weighing the gravity and lightness of the crime, just as a physician who knows the cause of maladies would adopt prompt remedies before it is too late, duly considering the seriousness or mildness of a complaint.”

‘भिषज्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम्। The विवक्षा here is प्रथमा-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘भिषज्’

(1) भिषज् + सुँ ।

(2) भिषज् + स् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(3) भिषज् । सकार-लोपः by 6-1-68 हल्ङ्याब्भ्यो दीर्घात्‌ सुतिस्यपृक्तं हल्। Using 1-1-62 प्रत्ययलोपे प्रत्ययलक्षणम् भिषज् gets पद-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम्

(4) भिषग् । By 8-2-30 चोः कुः, the पदान्त-जकारः gets the क-वर्गः consonant as a replacement.

(5) भिषग् / भिषक् । By 8-4-56 वाऽवसाने, the झल् letter is optionally replaced by a चर् letter when nothing follows.


1. The क्त्वा-प्रत्यय: (reference 3-4-21 समानकर्तृकयोः पूर्वकाले) has been used in दृष्ट्वा। The समान-कर्ता in the first line will be जन: (a person) – this has to be supplied. In the second line, in the उपमा, the समान-कर्ता is भिषक्। Which is the उत्तरवर्तिनी क्रिया (the later action – by the same doer) in each of the two cases?

2. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“A good son should strive in the service of his father.” Use a verb from the verse for “should strive.”

3. Please state the one synonym for the word निदानम् (प्रातिपदिकम् “निदान” neuter, meaning “main cause”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
निदानं त्वादिकारणम् ।।१-४-२८।।
(इति द्वे “मुख्यकारणस्य” नाम्नी)

4. Consider the word निष्कृतौ (= निस् + कृतौ) used in this verse. How did the ending सकार: of “निस्” (which is an अव्ययम् and has पद-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम्) end up as a षकार:? We have not covered this सूत्रम् so far. Can you try to find it in the अष्टाध्यायी? (We can expect to find it below 8-3-37 कुप्वोः ≍क≍पौ च which is the सूत्रम् that should have otherwise applied in this case.)

5. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-110 ङसिङसोश्च been used in this verse?

6. Where has the ङस्-प्रत्यय: been used?

7. Which word in the verse translates to “prompt”? Where has this word been used in the गीता?

8. 8-2-30 चोः कुः applies when a letter of the च-वर्ग: –
a) Is at the end of a पदम्
b) Has a झल् letter following
c) Is at the end of a पदम् or has a झल् letter following
d) Is at the end of a पदम् and has a झल् letter following

Easy questions:

1. Which सूत्रम् is used to get पुरा + एव = पुरैव ?

2. Which one for आशु + इह = आश्विह ?

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