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अस्मै mDs

Today we will look at the form अस्मै from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् ।

अस्मै देया मया सीता वीर्यशुल्का महात्मने |
प्रतिज्ञां तर्तुमिच्छामि तदनुज्ञातुमर्हसि || १-६८-१०||

Gita Press translation “Sītā (my daughter), who has (thus) been won through (personal) valor, (now) remains to be given away by me to that exalted soul. (By doing so) I seek to redeem my pledge. Be pleased to sanction it.”

‘इदम्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि । The विवक्षा here is पुंलिङ्गे चतुर्थी-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘इदम्’

(1) इदम् + ङे ।

(2) इद अ + ङे । By 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः, इदम् gets the अकारादेशः। As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य , only the ending मकार: gets replaced.

(3) इद + ङे । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे, the अकारः at the end of ‘इद’ and the following अकारादेशः is replaced by अकारः (पररूपम्) as एकादेशः ।

(4) इद + स्मै । By 7-1-14 सर्वनाम्नः स्मै, ङे is replaced by स्मै when following a pronoun ending in an अकारः।
See question 1.

(5) अस्मै । By 7-2-113 हलि लोपः, the इद् of इदम् takes लोपः, since स्मै which is a हलादि-विभक्तिः follows. See question 2.


1. Why didn’t 7-2-112 अनाप्यकः (which is परकार्यम् to 7-1-14) apply instead of 7-1-14 after step 3?

2. Why wasn’t 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य considered in step 5? (That would have required लोप: of the ending दकार: only and not of the entire term “इद्”)

3. Please list the one synonym for the word “सीता” (प्रातिपदिकम् “सीता” feminine, meaning “furrow”) as given in the अमरकोश:।
सीता लाङ्गलपद्धतिः ।।२-९-१४।।

4. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“What (is) the price of this book?” Use the masculine/neuter प्रातिपदिकम् “शुल्क” for “price.”

5. Why wasn’t 6-4-134 अल्लोपोऽनः applied in the form महात्मने (= महात्मन् + ङे)?

6. From where does the अनुवृत्ति: of “अत:” come into 7-1-14 सर्वनाम्नः स्मै ?

7. Can you find where the सूत्रम् 7-2-113 हलि लोपः has been used in the last five verses of Chapter 11 of the गीता?

8. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-1-23 स्वमोर्नपुंसकात्‌ been used in this verse?

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 8-3-23 मोऽनुस्वारः been used in this verse?

2. Which letters are included in the ङम्-प्रत्याहार:?

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January 2011