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भूम्ने mDs

Today we will look at the form भूम्ने from श्रीमद्भागवतम् SB_6_3_30

तत् क्षम्यतां स भगवान् पुरुषः पुराणो नारायणः स्वपुरुषैर्यदसत्कृतं नः ।
स्वानामहो नविदुषां रचिताञ्जलीनां क्षान्तिर्गरीयसि नमः पुरुषाय भूम्ने ।। ६-३-३० ।।

Gita Press translation “Ah, may that most ancient Person, Bhagavān Nārāyaṇa, put up with the offense committed, through the instrumentality of our messengers, by ourselves, His ignorant servants, who crave His forgiveness with joined palms; for forgiveness (alone) becomes the greatest of the great, Hail to the all-pervading Supreme person!”

‘भूमन्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम्। The विवक्षा here is चतुर्थी-एकवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘भूमन्’

(1) भूमन् + ङे ।

(2) भूम् अन् + ए । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। The अङ्गम् gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम्

(3) भूम्ने । By 6-4-134 अल्लोपोऽनः, when an अङ्गम् that has the भ-सञ्ज्ञा ends in अन् then the अकारः of the अन् is elided.


1. Please give the one synonym for the word “क्षान्ति:” (प्रातिपदिकम् “क्षान्ति” feminine – meaning forgiveness/forbearance) as listed in the अमर-कोश:।
क्षान्तिस्तितिक्षा ।।१-७-२४।।
(इति द्वे “क्षमाया:” नाम्नी)

2. Where is the प्रातिपदिकम् “क्षान्ति” used in the गीता?

3. Where is the सूत्रम् 6-1-132 एतत्तदोः सुलोपोऽकोरनञ्समासे हलि used in this verse?

4. Where else is the ङे-प्रत्यय: used in this verse (besides in भूम्ने)?

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Please excuse the delay.” Use the प्रातिपदिकम् “विलम्बन” (declined like “वन”) for “delay” and use the (passive) verb “क्षम्यताम्” from the verse.

6. In which chapter of the अष्टाध्यायी can we find most of the सञ्ज्ञा-सूत्राणि (rules which define terms)?

7. Match the columns (use Apte dictionary for help.)
i. Hail
ii. Ah
iii. to the all-pervading
iv. Person

a) भूम्ने
b) अहो
c) पुरुषः
d) नमः

Advanced question:

1. How can the अङ्ग-सञ्ज्ञा (defined by 1-4-13 यस्मात् प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादि प्रत्ययेऽङ्गम्) co-exist with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा (defined by 1-4-18 यचि भम्) when both of them are defined in the अधिकार: of 1-4-1 आ कडारादेका संज्ञा ? Similarly how can the अङ्ग-सञ्ज्ञा co-exist with the पद-सञ्ज्ञा (defined by 1-4-17 स्वादिष्वसर्वनमस्थाने) ?

Easy questions:

1. Why did the मकार: in “भूम्ने” not become an अनुस्वार: (by 8-3-23 मोऽनुस्वारः) even though there is a हल् (consonant) following? (Check the conditions required for 8-3-23 to apply. Find the one which has not been satisfied.)

2. Consider the form स्वपुरुषै:। The प्रातिपदिकम् is “स्वपुरुष” and the विवक्षा is तृतीया-बहुवचनम्। Steps are as follows:
स्वपुरुष + भिस् by 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस् ……
स्वपुरुष + ऐस् by 7-1-9 अतो भिस ऐस्।
स्वपुरुषैस् by ?
स्वपुरुषै:। by रुँत्व-विसर्गौ 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः।

Which सूत्रम् was used in step 3 (to get अ + ऐ = ऐ)?

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