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इमान् mAp

Today we will look at the form इमान् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् SB 2-6-45.

प्राधान्यतो यानृष आमनन्ति लीलावतारान्पुरुषस्य भूम्नः।
आपीयतां कर्णकषायशोषाननुक्रमिष्ये त इमान् सुपेशान् ।। २-६-४५ ।।

Gita Press translation “Again, O Nārada, the scriptures have described the chief among the sportful descents of the Lord, and I shall presently narrate those most delightful stories, which dry up the impurities of the ears. Please drink this nectar to your heart’s content.”

‘इदम्’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि । The विवक्षा here is पुंलिङ्गे द्वितीया-बहुवचनम्4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘इदम्’

(1) इदम् + शस् ।

(2) इदम् + अस् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending सकारः of शस् from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा ।

(3) इद अ + अस् । By 7-2-102 त्यदादीनामः , इदम् gets the अकारादेशः। As per 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य , only the ending मकार: gets replaced.

(4) इद् अ + अस् । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे , the अकारः at the end of ‘इद’ and the following अकारादेशः is replaced by अकारः (पररूपम्) as एकादेशः ।

(5) इम + अस् । By 7-2-109 दश्च, the दकारः of इदम् gets मकारः as a replacement when a विभक्तिः affix follows.

(6) इमास् । By 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः, when an अक् letter is followed by an अच् of the first (nominative) or second (accusative) case then for the two of them (अक् + अच्) there is a single substitute which is the elongated form of the first member (the अक् letter.)

(7) इमान् । By 6-1-103 तस्माच्छसो नः पुंसि, in the masculine gender, when the letter स् of the affix शस् follows a vowel which has been elongated by 6-1-102 then is replaced by the letter न्।

Questions:

1. Which are the two निषेध-सूत्रे (prohibition rules) for 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः ?

2. Please do पदच्छेद: of त इमान् and mention the relevant rules.

3. Please give the one synonym for the word “ऋषि:” (प्रातिपदिकम “ऋषि” masculine) from the अमर-कोश:।
ऋषयः सत्यवचसः ।।२-७-४३।।
(द्वे “ऋषिसामान्यस्य” नाम्नी)

4. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Please drink this water.” Use the (passive) verb पीयताम् from the verse.

5. Where does the word इमान् come in Chapter 18 of the गीता?

6. In this example could we have managed without 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः (by using 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः instead in step 6)?

7. In the सूत्रम् 7-2-109 दश्च what is the प्रातिपदिकम् in the term “द:”? Which विभक्ति: has been used?

8. In one of the rules used in this example, the सूत्रम् 8-4-63 शश्छोऽटि has been used. Which one is that?

9. Why didn’t 8-3-32 ङमो ह्रस्वादचि ङमुण्नित्यम् apply between कर्णकषायशोषान् + अनुक्रमिष्ये ? Which condition was not satisfied?

Easy questions:

Consider the सन्धि-कार्यम् between ऋषे + आमनन्ति। The steps are as follows:
a) ऋषे + आमनन्ति = ऋषय् + आमनन्ति
b) ऋष + आमनन्ति by 8-3-19 लोपः शाकल्यस्य।

1. In step a) Which सूत्रम् was used to get the अय्-आदेश: (in place of the एकार:)?

2. After step b) why doesn’t 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः apply?

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