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Daily Archives: January 25, 2012

मेनिरे 3Ap-लिँट्

Today we will look at the form मेनिरे 3Ap-लिँट् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 7.8.16

तदैव तस्मिन्निनदोऽतिभीषणो बभूव येनाण्डकटाहमस्फुटत् ।
यं वै स्वधिष्ण्योपगतं त्वजादयः श्रुत्वा स्वधामाप्ययमङ्ग मेनिरे ।। ७-८-१६ ।।

No commentary on this verse.

Gita Press translation “That very moment there rose in that pillar a most terrific crash, as a result of which the shell of the cosmic egg cracked (as it were) and on hearing which, as it reached the spheres of Brahmā (the creator) and others, they for their part actually suspected the dissolution of their very abodes, O dear Yudhiṣṭhira!”

मेनिरे is derived from the धातुः √मन् (दिवादि-गणः, मनँ ज्ञाने, धातु-पाठः # ४. ७३) or √मन् (तनादि-गणः, मनुँ अवबोधने, धातु-पाठः # ८. ९)

The ending vowel (अकार: of “मनँ” and उकार: of “मनुँ”) gets the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and takes लोप: by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। This vowel has a अनुदात्त-स्वर:। Thus by 1-3-12 अनुदात्तङित आत्मनेपदम्, √मन् takes आत्मनेपद-प्रत्ययाः। As per 1-4-100 तङानावात्मनेपदम्, the nine प्रत्यया: from “त” to “महिङ्” get the आत्मनेपद-सञ्ज्ञा। So √मन् can take only one of these nine प्रत्यया: in कर्तरि प्रयोग:।

The विवक्षा is लिँट्, कर्तरि प्रयोग:, प्रथम-पुरुषः, बहुवचनम्, hence the प्रत्ययः is “झ”।

(1) मन् + लिँट् । By 3-2-115 परोक्षे लिँट् , the affix लिँट् (Perfect Tense) comes after a verbal root in the sense of the past not of today, provided that the action is unperceived by the narrator.

(2) मन् + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) मन् + झ । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates the प्रत्ययः “झ” as the substitute for the लकारः। By 3-4-115 लिट् च, a तिङ्-प्रत्यय: which comes in place of लिँट् gets the आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा। Therefore “झ” gets the आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा। This prevents 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌ (which requires a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: to follow) from applying.

(4) मन् + इरेच् । By 3-4-81 लिटस्तझयोरेशिरेच्, when they come in place of लिँट्, the affixes “त” and “झ” take the substitutions “एश्” and “इरेच्” respectively.
As per 1-3-10 यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम्, 1-1-55 अनेकाल् शित् सर्वस्य, “इरेच्” comes as a substitute for “झ”।

(5) मन् + इरे । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(6) मन् मन् + इरे । By 6-1-8 लिटि धातोरनभ्यासस्य, when लिँट् follows a verbal root, there is reduplication of the first portion – containing a single vowel – of the verbal root which is not already reduplicated. But if the verbal root (that has more than one vowel) begins with a vowel, then the reduplication is of the second portion – containing a single vowel.

(7) म मन् + इरे । By 7-4-60 हलादिः शेषः, of the consonants of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), only the one (if any) at the beginning is retained, the rest are elided.

(8) मेनिरे । By 6-4-120 अत एकहल्मध्येऽनादेशादेर्लिटि, the अकार: of a अङ्गम् takes एकार: as the substitute and simultaneously there is लोप: (elision) of the अभ्यास:, when all the following conditions are satisfied:
(i) the अकार: is preceded and followed by a single (non-conjunct) consonant
(ii) the अङ्गम् is followed by a लिँट् affix which is कित्
(iii) in place of the first letter of the अङ्गम् there is no आदेश: (substitution) that is based on the लिँट् affix.

Note : By 1-2-5 असंयोगाल्लिट् कित्, a लिँट् affix which is not a पित् – does not have पकार: as a इत् – shall be considered to be a कित् (as having ककार: as a इत्), as long as there is no संयोग: (conjunction consonant) prior to the affix. Hence “इरेच्” is a कित्-प्रत्यय: here. This allows 6-4-120 to apply.


1. Of the two verbal roots √मन् (दिवादि-गणः, मनँ ज्ञाने, धातु-पाठः # ४. ७३) and √मन् (तनादि-गणः, मनुँ अवबोधने, धातु-पाठः # ८. ९) which one has been used in the गीता in a तिङन्तं पदम्?

2. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 6-4-120 अत एकहल्मध्येऽनादेशादेर्लिटि (used in step 8 of the example), the तत्त्वबोधिनी says – असंयोगादिति किम्? ममन्थे। अत्र नलोपो न। Please explain.

3. Which सूत्रम् is used for the “वुँक्”-आगम: in the form बभूव?

4. Where has 3-4-100 इतश्च been used in the verse?

5. Which अव्ययम् in the verse has been translated to “O dear Yudhiṣṭhira!”?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Embraced by Sri Rama, Sri Hanuman considered himself very blessed/fortunate.” Use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “आलिङ्गित” for “embraced”, use the masculine प्रातिपदिकम् “आत्मन्” for “himself” and the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “सुभग” for “very blessed/fortunate.”

Easy questions:

1. Where has 6-1-109 एङः पदान्तादति been used in the verse?

2. Which सूत्रम् is used for the “स्मिन्”-आदेश: in the form तस्मिन् (सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् “तद्”, पुंलिङ्गे सप्तमी-एकवचनम्)?

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