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Daily Archives: September 4, 2012

स्मरणीयम् nAs

Today we will look at the form स्मरणीयम् nAs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.47.5.

जानीमस्त्वां यदुपतेः पार्षदं समुपागतम् । भर्त्रेह प्रेषितः पित्रोर्भवान्प्रियचिकीर्षया ॥ १०-४७-४ ॥
अन्यथा गोव्रजे तस्य स्मरणीयं न चक्ष्महे । स्नेहानुबन्धो बन्धूनां मुनेरपि सुदुस्त्यजः ॥ १०-४७-५ ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
पार्षदं सेवकम् ॥ ४ ॥ पित्रोः प्रियचिकीर्षयेत्यत्र हेतुः – स्नेहानुबन्ध इति ॥ ५ ॥

Gita Press translation – We know you to be a companion of Śrī Kṛṣṇa (the Lord of the Yadus,) duly arrived in our midst. You have been despatched here by your master with intent to bring delight to His parents (4). Otherwise we do not find anything worth remembering for Him in Vraja, a (mere) pasture-land for cows. Ties of affection for one’s relations are most difficult to disregard even for a hermit (5).

“स्मरणीय” is a कृदन्त-प्रातिपदिकम् (participle form) derived from the verbal root √स्मृ (स्मृ चिन्तायाम् १. १०८२).

(1) स्मृ + अनीयर् । By 3-1-96 तव्यत्तव्यानीयरः – The affixes “तव्यत्”, “तव्य” and “अनीयर्” may be used after a verbal root. Note: Since the सूत्रम् 3-1-96 तव्यत्तव्यानीयरः occurs in the अधिकारः of ‘3-1-95 कृत्याः’ the affix ‘अनीयर्’ gets the designation ‘कृत्य’। And as per the सूत्रम् 3-4-70 तयोरेव कृत्यक्तखलर्थाः the affix ‘अनीयर्’ is used here कर्मणि (to denote the object).

(2) स्मृ + अनीय । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
Note: “अनीय” gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः

(3) स्मर् + अनीय । By 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः – An अङ्गम् whose final letter is an इक् gets गुण-आदेशः, when a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: follows. As per 1-1-51 उरण् रपरः, in the place of ऋवर्ण: if an अण् letter (“अ”, “इ”, “उ”) comes as a substitute, it is always followed by a “रँ” (“र्”, “ल्”) letter.

(4) स्मरणीय । By 8-4-2 अट्कुप्वाङ्नुम्व्यवायेऽपि – The letter “न्” is replaced by “ण्” when either “र्” or “ष्” precedes, even if intervened by a letter of the अट्-प्रत्याहार: or by a letter of the क-वर्ग: or प-वर्गः or the term “आङ्” or “नुँम्” (अनुस्वारः) either singly or in any combination.

“स्मरणीय” gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च।

The विवक्षा is नपुंसकलिङ्गे, द्वितीया-एकवचनम्

(5) स्मरणीय + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्

(6) स्मरणीय + अम् । By 7-1-24 अतोऽम् – The affixes “सुँ” and “अम्” that follow a neuter अङ्गम् ending in the short vowel “अ” take “अम्” as their replacement. 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending मकार: of “अम्” from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7) स्मरणीयम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix “अम्” there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

Questions:

1. In how many places has the affix “अनीयर्” been used in the गीता?

2. Which सूत्रम् is used for the ईकारादेशः in the form जानीमः?

3. From which verbal root is the form चक्ष्महे derived? Can you recall a सूत्रम् in which पाणिनिः specifically mentions this verbal root?

4. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“This verse is worth remembering.”

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Let us not forget what the teacher said today.”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The water of this river is not fit for drinking.” Paraphrase “fit for drinking” to “fit to be drunk.”

Easy Questions:

1. What is the purpose of replacing “अम्” by “अम्” in step 6?

2. Where the सूत्रम् 6-1-87 आद्गुणः has been used in the verses? Where has it been used in the commentary?

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