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Daily Archives: September 18, 2012

भोज्येषु nLp

Today we will look at the form भोज्येषु nLp from श्रीमद्-वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 2.77.15

ननु भोज्येषु पानेषु वस्त्रेष्वाभरणेषु च । प्रवारयति सर्वान् नस्तन्नः कोऽद्य करिष्यति ॥ २-७७-१५ ॥
अवदारणकाले तु पृथिवी नावदीर्यते । विहीना या त्वया राज्ञा धर्मज्ञेन महात्मना ॥ २-७७-१६ ॥
पितरि स्वर्गमापन्ने रामे चारण्यमाश्रिते । किं मे जीवितसामर्थ्यं प्रवेक्ष्यामि हुताशनम् ॥ २-७७-१७ ॥

Gita Press translation – Indeed you made us all (the four brothers) have our best choice out of (a large variety of) eatables, drinks, articles of wearing apparel and ornaments (placed before us.) (Since you have disappeared from our midst) who will discharge this function now? (15) (How strange that) this earth, even though it has been deprived of you, its high-souled ruler, who knew what is right, is not riven even at a time when it should have been riven! (16) My father having reached heaven and  Śrī Rāma having retired to the forest, what energy has been left in me to survive? I shall (accordingly) enter the fire (17). 

“भोज्य” is a कृदन्त-प्रातिपदिकम् (participle form) derived from the verbal root √भुज् (रुधादि-गणः, भुजँ पालनाभ्यवहारयोः, धातु-पाठः # ७. १७).

(1) भुज् + ण्यत् । By 3-1-124 ऋहलोर्ण्यत्‌ – The affix ण्यत् may be used following any verbal root which either ends in a ऋ-वर्णः (ऋकारः or ॠकारः) or in a consonant.

(2) भुज् + य । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। Note: “य” gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः।

(3) भोज्य । By 7-3-86 पुगन्‍तलघूपधस्‍य च – When a अङ्गम् is followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्ययः or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्ययः, then its इक्-letter takes गुण-आदेशः in the following two cases:
i) The अङ्गम् ends in a “पुक्”-आगमः। or
ii) The penultimate letter of the अङ्गम् has the लघु-सञ्ज्ञा।

See question 2.

“भोज्य” gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च।

The विवक्षा is नपुंसकलिङ्गे, सप्तमी-बहुवचनम्

(4) भोज्य + सुप् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्

(5) भोज्य + सु । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(6) भोज्येसु । By 7-3-103 बहुवचने झल्येत् – The ending “अ” of a अङ्गम् changes to “ए” when followed by a plural सुँप् affix beginning with a झल् letter.

(7) भोज्येषु । By 8-3-59 आदेशप्रत्यययोः

Questions:

1. In the first verse of which Chapter of the गीता has the affix “ण्यत्” been used?

2. Why doesn’t the सूत्रम् 7-3-52 चजोः कु घिण्ण्यतोः apply in the form “भोज्य”?

3. Where has the सूत्रम् 8-2-77 हलि च been used in the verses?

4. Which verbal root has been used in the form प्रवेक्ष्यामि?

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“These fruits are not fit to be eaten.”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
Kaikeyī said to Bharata “You ought to enjoy the kingdom.” Paraphrase to passive “The kingdom ought to be enjoyed by you.”

Easy Questions:

1. Which सूत्रम् is used for the गुणादेशः in the form पितरि?

2. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-134 अल्लोपोऽनः been used in the verses?

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