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ध्येयम् nNs

Today we will look at the form ध्येयम् nNs from मोहमुद्गर-स्तोत्रम् (भज गोविन्दम्।)

गेयं गीतानामसहस्रं ध्येयं श्रीपतिरूपमजस्रम् । नेयं सज्जनसंगे चित्तं देयं दीनजनाय च वित्तम् ॥

Translation – “The Bhagavad Gīta and the thousand Names (of Lord Viṣṇu) ought (always) to be chanted; the form of Lord Viṣṇu (the consort of Śrī) ought to be constantly contemplated on; the mind ought to be directed to the company of the saints; and wealth ought to be donated to the destitute.

“ध्येय” is a कृदन्त-प्रातिपदिकम् (participle form) derived from the verbal root √ध्यै (ध्यै चिन्तायाम्, भ्वादि-गणः, धातु-पाठः #१. १०५६)

(1) ध्या + यत् । By 3-1-97 अचो यत्‌ – The affix यत् may be used following a verbal root ending in a vowel.
Note: By 6-1-45 आदेच उपदेशेऽशिति, the ending एच् letter of a धातु: in the धातु-पाठ: is replaced by a आकार:, but not in the context where a शकार: which is a इत् follows.
Since there is going to be no शित् (शकार: as a इत्) following, the धातु: “ध्यै” becomes “ध्या”।

(2) ध्या + य । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
Note: “य” gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः

(3) ध्यी + य । By 6-4-65 ईद्यति – When the affix यत् follows, the ending आकारः of the अङ्गम् is replaced by a ईकारः।

(4) ध्ये + य । By 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः – An अङ्गम् whose final letter is an इक् gets गुण-आदेशः, when a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: follows.

“ध्येय” gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च।

The विवक्षा is नपुंसकलिङ्गे, प्रथमा-एकवचनम्

(5) ध्येय + सुँ । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्

(6) ध्येय + अम् । By 7-1-24 अतोऽम् – The affixes “सुँ” and “अम्” that follow a neuter अङ्गम् ending in the short vowel “अ” take “अम्” as their replacement. 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending मकार: of “अम्” from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7) ध्येयम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix “अम्” there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.


1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-65 ईद्यति (used in step 3) been used for the first time in the गीता?

2. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 6-4-65 ईद्यति, the पदमञ्जरी (which is a scholarly commentary on the काशिका) says दीर्घविधानमुत्तरार्थम्। Please explain.

3. In which of the following forms has the सूत्रम् 6-4-65 ईद्यति not been used –
i) गेयम् ii) नेयम् iii) देयम् iv) none of the above.

4. Where else (besides in ध्येयम्) has the सूत्रम् 6-1-45 आदेच उपदेशेऽशिति been used in the verse?

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The objects of sense ought not to be pondered over.” Use the masculine (compound) प्रातिपदिकम् “इन्द्रियार्थ” for “object of sense.”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“We ought not to sing vulgar songs.” Paraphrase to passive. Use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “ग्राम्य” for “vulgar.”

Easy Questions:

1. The सूत्रम् 7-1-24 अतोऽम् (used in step six) belongs to which अधिकारः?
i) धातोः ii) भस्य iii) अङ्गस्य iv) संहितायाम्

2. The सूत्रम् 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः belongs to which अधिकारः?
i) अङ्गस्य ii) संहितायाम् iii) एकः पूर्वपरयोः iv) कृत्याः

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