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अन्यद् nNs

पाणिनये नम:।

Today we will look at the formation of the नपुंसकलिङ्गपदम् ‘अन्यत्’ from the भगवद्गीता।

यामिमां पुष्पितां वाचं प्रवदन्त्यविपश्चितः |
वेदवादरताः पार्थ नान्यदस्तीति वादिनः || 2-42||

(1) अन्य + सुँ – The सुँप्-प्रत्ययाः are ordained by 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छस्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌। Since the विवक्षा is this example is प्रथमैकवचनम् the affix  ‘सुँ’ is used.

(2) अन्य + अद्ड् – By 7-1-25 अद्ड् डतरादिभ्यः पञ्चभ्यः, ‘सुँ’ is substituted by ‘अद्ड्’।

(3) अन्य + अद् – The ending letter ‘ड्’ of ‘अद्ड्’ gets the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, and takes लोपः by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(4) अन्य् + अद् – The ending  letter ‘अ’ of the अङ्गम् ‘अन्य’, which is its टि-भागः, is dropped by 6-4-143 टेः, since the affix ‘अद्ड्’ has the letter ‘ड्’ as a इत्।

(5) अन्यद् – Now अन्यद् gets the पद-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम्। By 8-2-39 झलां जशोऽन्ते, the ending letter ‘द्’ of अन्यद् is substituted by a letter of the प्रत्याहार: ‘जश्’। In this case that letter is ‘द्’ itself.

(6) अन्यद्/अन्यत् – By 8-4-56 वाऽवसाने, the letter ‘द्’ is optionally substituted by the letter ‘त्’ (a letter of the  प्रत्याहार: ‘चर्’) yielding two possible final forms.


1. If 7-1-25 अद्ड् डतरादिभ्यः पञ्चभ्यः were not there, then which rule would have applied to give which (undesired) form?

2. As we have seen previously, the अव्ययम् “इति” is used as an end-quote. In the verse we have इति in the second line. That ends a quotation. Where does the quotation begin?

3. Where is the सूत्रम् 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः used in this verse? Where is 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः used?

4. In the सूत्रम् 6-4-143 टेः, what विभक्ति: has been used – is it पञ्चमी or षष्ठी?

5. Which entire सूत्रम् comes as अनुवृत्ति: into 7-1-25 अद्ड् डतरादिभ्यः पञ्चभ्यः?

6. With regard to the “अद्ड्” आदेश:, the commentator कैयटः makes the following observation “दस्य ष्टुत्वेन डकारः, डस्य संयोगान्तलोपश्च आदेशस्वरूपावगतये न कृत:” Please explain what this means.

7. Is the following logic correct? “We do not need to have the डकार: as an इत् in order to get the final form अन्यत् in this example, because even without that we could have used 6-1-97 अतो गुणे in step 4 to get the same result.”

8. Why did the पदान्त-मकार: at the end of याम् not become an अनुस्वार: by 8-3-23 मोऽनुस्वारः ?

9. Is “अन्यत्” used anywhere else in the गीता? अन्यत्-पदम् गीतासु अन्यत्र प्रयुज्यते वा?

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