Today we will look at the form दीप्तिम् fAs from श्रीमद्-वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 1.7.24.
ईदृशैस्तैरमात्यैस्तु राजा दशरथोऽनघः । उपपन्नो गुणोपेतैरन्वशासद्वसुंधराम् ।। १-७-२० ।।
अवेक्षमाणश्चारेण प्रजा धर्मेण रक्षयन् । प्रजानां पालनं कुर्वन्नधर्मं परिवर्जयन् ।। १-७-२१ ।।
विश्रुतस्त्रिषु लोकेषु वदान्यः सत्यसंगरः । स तत्र पुरुषव्याघ्रः शशास पृथिवीमिमाम् ।। १-७-२२ ।।
नाध्यगच्छद्विशिष्टं वा तुल्यं वा शत्रुमात्मनः । मित्रवान् नतसामन्तः प्रतापहतकण्टकः । स शशास जगद् राजा दिवि देवपतिर्यथा ।। १-७-२३ ।।
तैर्मन्त्रिभिर्मन्त्रहिते निविष्टैर्वृतोऽनुरक्तैः कुशलैः समर्थैः । स पार्थिवो दीप्तिमवाप युक्तस्तेजोमयैर्गोभिरिवोदितोऽर्कः ।। १-७-२४ ।।
Gita Press translation – Assisted by such qualified ministers, as mentioned above, and priests and counsellors, and free from (all) vices, Emperor Daśaratha ruled over the (entire) globe (20). Seeing everything with his eyes in the form of spies and protecting the people through righteousness, (nay) providing maintenance for his subjects and abstaining from unrighteousness, the said tiger among men, who was munificent and true to his promise and well-known (as such) in (all) the three worlds, ruled over this earth while residing in Ayodhyā (21-22). He never met an enemy, who could match, much less excel, him (in strength), and had a number of allies; the rulers of the adjoining territories bowed to him (accepted his suzerainty) and (all) his enemies were got rid of by his (very) glory. (In this way) the emperor ruled over the world (even) as Indra (the ruler of the gods) reigns (supreme) in heaven (23). Surrounded by the aforesaid counsellors, who had been charged with the act of deliberation and were devoted to the interests of the state, (nay) who were clever and efficient and loyal to the king, the said monarch (Emperor Daśaratha) shone with splendor even as a rising sun shines bright when joined with its glorious rays (24).
The स्त्रीलिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् ‘दीप्ति’ is derived from the verbal root √दीप् (दीपीँ दीप्तौ ४. ४५).
(1) दीप् + क्तिन् । By 3-3-94 स्त्रियां क्तिन् – The affix क्तिन् may be used following a verbal root to denote in the feminine gender either (i) the sense of the verbal root as having attained to a completed state or (ii) any कारक: except the agent of the action, provided the word so derived is a proper name.
Note: As per 7-2-14 श्वीदितो निष्ठायाम्, the verbal root √दीप् (दीपीँ दीप्तौ ४. ४५) does not allow a निष्ठा affix to take the augment इट्। Now by the वार्तिकम् (under 3-3-103 गुरोश्च हलः) निष्ठायां सेट इति वक्तव्यम् – The affix ‘अ’ prescribed by the सूत्रम् 3-3-103 गुरोश्च हलः should only be used following a verbal root which allows a निष्ठा affix (ref. 1-1-26) to take the augment इट्। This वार्तिकम् (under 3-3-103 गुरोश्च हलः) prevents 3-3-103 from applying here.
(2) दीप् + ति । अनुबन्ध-लोप: by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।
Note: 7-2-9 तितुत्रतथसिसुसरकसेषु च prevents 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः from adding the augment इट् to the affix ‘ति’।
= दीप्ति । ‘दीप्ति’ gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च – A word form that ends in a कृत्-प्रत्ययः or a तद्धित-प्रत्ययः and so also compounds gets the name प्रातिपदिकम्।
The विवक्षा is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्।
(3) दीप्ति + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्। 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending मकारः of ‘अम्’ from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।
(4) दीप्तिम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.
1. In the first fifteen verses of Chapter Two of the गीता can you find a प्रातिपदिकम् (used as part of a compound) in which the वार्तिकम् – निष्ठायां सेट इति वक्तव्यम् finds application?
2. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-24 अनिदितां हल उपधायाः क्ङिति been used in the verses?
3. From which verbal root is the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘उपपन्न’ derived?
4. Which सूत्रम् prescribes the augment मुँक् in the form अवेक्षमाण:?
5. Where has the verbal root √इ (इण् गतौ २. ४०) been used in the verses?
6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The luster of the stars is seen only as long as the sun doesn’t rise.” Paraphrase to “So long is the luster of the stars seen as long as the sun doesn’t rise.” Use the अव्ययम् ‘तावत्’ for ‘so long’ and ‘यावत्’ for ‘as long as.’
1. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-3-77 इषुगमियमां छः been used in the verses?
2. From which प्रातिपदिकम् is इमाम् derived?