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अतिपिपर्ति 3As-लँट्

Today we will look at the form अतिपिपर्ति 3As-लँट् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् Sb3-18-12.

त्वं पद्रथानां किल यूथपाधिपो घटस्व नोऽस्वस्तय आश्वनूहः |
संस्थाप्य चास्मान्प्रमृजाश्रु स्वकानां यः स्वां प्रतिज्ञां नातिपिपर्त्यसभ्यः ।। ३-१८-१२ ।।

Gita Press translation “A leader of leaders of foot soldiers as you are, take prompt steps to overthrow us, giving up all hitch, and wipe the tears of your kith and kin by slaying us; for he does not deserve a seat in an assembly (of good people), who fails to redeem his plighted word.”

पिपर्ति is derived from the धातुः √पॄ (जुहोत्यादि-गणः, पॄ पालनपूरणयोः, धातु-पाठः #३. ४)

The विवक्षा is लँट्, कर्तरि प्रयोगः, प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम् ।

In the धातु-पाठः, the √पॄ-धातुः has no इत् letters. It is devoid of any indications for bringing in आत्मनेपद-प्रत्यया:। Therefore, as per 1-3-78 शेषात् कर्तरि परस्मैपदम्, the √पॄ-धातुः, in कर्तरि प्रयोग:, will take the परस्मैपद-प्रत्यया: by default. As per 1-4-99 लः परस्मैपदम्, 1-4-100 तङानावात्मनेपदम्, the nine प्रत्यया: from “तिप्” to “मस्” get the परस्मैपद-सञ्ज्ञा। So √पॄ-धातुः can take only one of these nine प्रत्यया: in कर्तरि प्रयोग:। Since the विवक्षा is प्रथम-पुरुष-एकवचनम्, the प्रत्यय: will be “तिप्”।

(1) पॄ + लँट् । By 3-2-123 वर्तमाने लट्, the affix लँट् comes after a धातुः when denoting an action in the present tense.

(2) पॄ + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) पॄ + तिप् । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस् तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates the प्रत्ययः “तिप्” as the substitute for the लकारः। “तिप्” gets the सार्वधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-113 तिङ्शित्सार्वधातुकम् – The affixes of the तिङ्-प्रत्याहारः and the affixes that have शकारः as an इत् get the designation of सार्वधातुकम् if they are prescribed in the “धातो:” अधिकार:।

(4) पॄ + ति । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् , 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(5) पॄ + शप् + ति । By 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌, the शप्-प्रत्यय: is placed after a verbal root, when followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: that is used signifying the agent.

(6) पॄ + ति । By 2-4-75 जुहोत्यादिभ्यः श्लुः, the “शप्”-प्रत्यय: following the verbal roots “हु” etc. gets “श्लु” (elision).

(7) पॄ + पॄ + ति । By 6-1-10 श्लौ, a verbal root when followed by “श्लु” gets reduplicated.

(8) पिर् + पॄ + ति । By 7-4-77 अर्तिपिपर्त्योश्च, when “श्लु” follows, इकारः is substituted for the ending vowel of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः,) of √ऋ (ऋ- [गतौ] #३. १७) and √पॄ (पॄ पालनपूरणयोः #३. ४) ।
Note: Since the आदेश: “इ” is being done in place of “पॄ” which is not a term which has meaning, the सूत्रम् 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य would not have applied here. But since this आदेश: involves a operation on a अभ्यास: (ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), the सूत्रम् 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य does apply. This is as per the following परिभाषा – नानर्थकेऽलोन्त्यविधिरनभ्यासविकारे।
This means that the rule 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य does not apply in the case of a term that is devoid of meaning, except in the case which involves modification of an अभ्यास:
By 1-1-51 उरण् रपरः, in the place of ऋवर्ण: if an अण् letter (अ, इ, उ) comes as a substitute, it is always followed by a रँ letter.

(9) पि + पॄ + ति । By 7-4-60 हलादिः शेषः – Of the consonants of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), only the one (if any) at the beginning is retained, the rest are elided.

(10) पिपर्ति । By 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः, an अङ्गम् whose final letter is an इक् gets गुण-आदेशः, when a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: follows. By 1-1-51 उरण् रपरः, in the place of ऋवर्ण: if an अण् letter (अ, इ, उ) comes as a substitute, it is always followed by a रँ letter.

“अति” is the उपसर्ग: (ref. 1-4-59 उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे।)
अति + पिपर्ति = अतिपिपर्ति।


1. Where has the सुत्रम् 6-1-10 श्लौ been used in the first ten verses of Chapter Ten of the गीता?

2. Why didn’t 7-1-102 उदोष्ठ्यपूर्वस्य apply (instead of 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः) in step 10?

3. Where has 3-4-91 सवाभ्यां वामौ been used in the verse?

4. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 2-4-75 जुहोत्यादिभ्यः श्लुः, the काशिका says – लुकि प्रकृते श्लुविधानं द्विर्वचनार्थम्। Please explain.

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Strive to speak in Sanskrit.” Use the अव्ययम् “भाषितुम्” for “to speak”, use the feminine (compound) प्रातिपदिकम् “संस्कृत-भाषा” for “Sanskrit.” Use a word from the verse for “strive.”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Give up censure.” Use √हा (ओँहाक् त्यागे ३. ९) for “to give up” and use the feminine प्रातिपदिकम् “निन्दा” for “censure.”

Easy questions:

1. Where has 7-1-23 स्वमोर्नपुंसकात्‌ been used in the verse?

2. Can you spot a नुँट्-आगम: in the verse?

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