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जिज्ञासया fIs

Today we will look at the form जिज्ञासया fIs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.89.2.

तस्य जिज्ञासया ते वै भृगुं ब्रह्मसुतं नृप । तज्ज्ञप्त्यै प्रेषयामासुः सोऽभ्यगाद्ब्रह्मणः सभाम् ॥ १०-८९-२ ॥
न तस्मै प्रह्वणं स्तोत्रं चक्रे सत्त्वपरीक्षया । तस्मै चुक्रोध भगवान्प्रज्वलन्स्वेन तेजसा ॥ १०-८९-३ ॥

No commentary on these verses.

Gita Press translation – O king, the Ṛṣis actually deputed Bhṛgu, one of Brahmā’s sons, to ascertain the out of curiosity fact with intent to know this truth, Maharṣi Bhṛgu (first) visited the court of Brahmā, and with a view to testing Brahmā’s forbearance and other qualities, did neither bow to him nor offer any praises. Brahmā got angry with him and looked as if burning with his majestic glow (2-3).

“जिज्ञास” is a सन्नन्त-धातुः derived from the verbal root √ज्ञा (क्र्यादि-गणः, ज्ञा अवबोधने, धातु-पाठः # ९. ४३).

(1) ज्ञा + सन् । As per 3-1-7 धातोः कर्मणः समानकर्तृकादिच्छायां वा – In order to express wish/desire, the affix सन् is optionally prescribed after a verbal root which underlies the object of and shares the same agent with the verbal root √इष् (इषुँ इच्छायाम् ६. ७८).

(2) ज्ञा + स । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: 7-2-10 एकाच उपदेशेऽनुदात्तात्‌ stops 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः।

(3) ज्ञास् ज्ञास । By 6-1-9 सन्यङोः – There is reduplication of the first portion – containing a single vowel – of a verbal root ending in the affix सन्/यङ् which is not already reduplicated. But if the verbal root (that has more than one vowel) begins with a vowel, then the reduplication is of the second portion – containing a single vowel.

(4) जा ज्ञास । By 7-4-60 हलादिः शेषः – Of the consonants of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), only the one (if any) at the beginning is retained, the rest are elided.

(5) ज ज्ञास । By 7-4-59 ह्रस्वः, the अच् (vowel) of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः) is substituted by a short vowel.

(6) जिज्ञास । By 7-4-79 सन्यतः – When the affix “सन्” follows, a अकारः belonging to a reduplicate (अभ्यासः) is replaced by a इकारः।

“जिज्ञास” has धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः

Now we form the feminine प्रातिपदिकम् “जिज्ञासा” from the सन्नन्त-धातुः “जिज्ञास”।

(7) जिज्ञास + अ । By 3-3-102 अ प्रत्ययात्‌ – In order to form a feminine noun, the affix “अ” is used following a verbal root ending in an affix. Note: A verbal root ending in an affix refers to a verbal root which gets the धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः।
Note: The affix “अ” gets आर्धधातक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः

(8) जिज्ञास् + अ । By 6-4-48 अतो लोपः – When an आर्धधातुकम् affix follows, the अकारः at the end of a अङ्गम् is elided if the अङ्गम् ends in a अकार: at the time when the आर्धधातुकम् affix is prescribed.

= जिज्ञास । Note: Since the affix “अ” has the कृत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-93 कृदतिङ्, “जिज्ञास” gets प्रातिपदिक-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च

(9) जिज्ञास + टाप् । By 4-1-4 अजाद्यतष्टाप्‌ – The प्रातिपदिकानि “अज” etc. and प्रातिपदिकानि ending in अकारः get the टाप् affix in the feminine gender.

(10) जिज्ञास + आ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(11) जिज्ञासा । By 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः

The विवक्षा is तृतीया-एकवचनम्।

(12) जिज्ञासा + टा । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्

(13) जिज्ञासा + आ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(14) जिज्ञासे + आ । By 7-3-105 आङि चापः – ”आप्” ending bases get एकारः as the substitute when followed by the affix “आङ्” (“टा”) or “ओस्”।

(15) जिज्ञासया । By 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः


1. Where has the सूत्रम् 3-1-7 धातोः कर्मणः समानकर्तृकादिच्छायां वा been used in Chapter Seven of the गीता?

2. Where has the verbal root √इ (इण् गतौ २. ४०) been used in a तिङन्तं पदम् in the verses?

3. Which सूत्रम् has been used for the एकारादेशः in the form चक्रे?

4. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“I want to know your opinion.” Use the neuter प्रातिपदिकम् “मत” for “opinion.”

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Who would not want to go to heaven?”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“My younger brother wants to be an actor.” Use the प्रातिपदिकम् “अनुज” in the masculine for “younger brother.”

Easy Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-1-17 जसः शी been used in the verses?

2. Besides “तद्” which other सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् (pronoun) has been used in the verses?

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