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अरूरुजत् 3As-लुँङ्

Today we will look at the form अरूरुजत् 3As-लुँङ् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.67.24.

ततोऽमुञ्चच्छिलावर्षं बलस्योपर्यमर्षितः । तत्सर्वं चूर्णयामास लीलया मुसलायुधः ।। १०-६७-२३ ।।
स बाहू तालसङ्काशौ मुष्टीकृत्य कपीश्वरः । आसाद्य रोहिणीपुत्रं ताभ्यां वक्षस्यरूरुजत् ।। १०-६७-२४ ।।

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
अरूरुजत् ताडयामास ।। २४ ।।

Gita Press translation – The enraged monkey thereupon began to rain slabs of stone on Balarāma; but these also the latter, as a matter of sport, reduced to powder with His pestle (23). (Finally) clenching his arms, which were as long as a palm tree, the great monkey went up to Balarāma and struck Him on the chest with both his fists (24).

अरूरुजत् is derived from the धातुः √रुज् (रुजँ हिंसायाम्, चुरादि-गणः, धातु-पाठः #१०. ३३५).

The ending अकारः (at the end of रुजँ) is a इत् as per 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and takes लोप: by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

The विवक्षा here is लुँङ्, कर्तरि प्रयोग:, प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम्

रुज् + णिच् । By 3-1-25 सत्यापपाशरूपवीणातूलश्लोकसेनालोमत्वचवर्मवर्णचूर्णचुरादिभ्यो णिच् – The affix णिच् is used after these words – “सत्य” ‘truth’ (which then takes the form of “सत्याप्” as exhibited in the सूत्रम्), “पाश” ‘fetter’, “रूप” ‘form’, “वीणा” ‘lute’, “तूल” ‘cotton’, “श्लोक” ‘celebration’, “सेना” ‘army’, “लोमन्” ‘hair of the body’, “त्वच” ‘skin’, “वर्मन्” ‘mail’, “वर्ण” ‘color’, “चूर्ण” ‘powder’ and the verbal roots belonging to the चुरादि-गणः।
= रुज् + इ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
= रोज् + इ । By 7-3-86 पुगन्तलघूपधस्य च, when a अङ्गम् is followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्ययः or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्ययः, then its इक्-letter takes गुण-आदेशः in the following two cases:
i) The अङ्गम् ends in a “पुक्”-आगमः। or ii) The penultimate letter of the अङ्गम् has the लघु-सञ्ज्ञा।
= रोजि । “रोजि” gets धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः

As a general rule, a धातुः ending in the affix “णिच्” can take आत्मनेपद-प्रत्ययाः by 1-3-74 णिचश्च and परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययाः by 1-3-78 शेषात् कर्तरि परस्मैपदम्। In this example “रोजि” has taken a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः।

(1) रोजि + लुँङ् । By 3-2-110 लुङ्, the affix लुँङ् is prescribed after a verbal root when used in the sense of past.

(2) रोजि + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) रोजि + तिप् । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates “तिप्” as the substitute for the लकारः।

(4) रोजि + ति । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(5) रोजि + त् । By 3-4-100 इतश्च, the ending इकारः of a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः which came in the place of a ङित्-लकारः is elided.

(6) रोजि + च्लि + त् । By 3-1-43 च्लि लुङि, when लुँङ् follows, the प्रत्यय: “च्लि” is prescribed after a verbal root.
Note: This सूत्रम् is a अपवाद: for 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌ etc.

(7) रोजि + चङ् + त् । By 3-1-48 णिश्रिद्रुस्रुभ्यः कर्तरि चङ् – In the active voice, the affix “च्लि” takes the substitute “चङ्” when following a verbal root ending in the affix “णि” or the verbal root √श्रि (श्रिञ् सेवायाम् १. १०४४) or √द्रु (द्रु गतौ १. १०९५) or √स्रु (स्रु गतौ १. १०९०).

Note: This सूत्रम् is अपवादः (exception) for 3-1-44 च्लेः सिच्

(8) रोजि + अ + त् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(9) रुजि + अ + त् । By 7-4-1 णौ चङ्युपधाया ह्रस्वः – There is a shortening of the penultimate letter (vowel) of a अङ्गम् which is followed by the affix “णि” which itself is followed by the affix “चङ्”। As per 1-1-48 एच इग्घ्रस्वादेशे – When a ह्रस्वः (short vowel) is to be substituted in place of a एच् letter (“ए”, “ओ”, “ऐ”, “औ”), the substitute should be a इक् letter (“इ”, “उ”, “ऋ”, “ऌ”) only.

(10) रुज् रुजि + अ + त् । By 6-1-11 चङि – When the affix “चङ्” follows a verbal root, there is reduplication of the first portion – containing a single vowel – of the verbal root which is not already reduplicated. But if the verbal root (that has more than one vowel) begins with a vowel, then the reduplication is of the second portion – containing a single vowel.

(11) रु रुजि + अ + त् । By 7-4-60 हलादिः शेषः – Of the consonants of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), only the one (if any) at the beginning is retained, the rest are elided.

(12) रू रुजि + अ + त् । By 7-4-94 दीर्घो लघोः – In the context where an affix has सन्वद्भावः (behaves as if it is the affix “सन्”) by 7-4-93 सन्वल्लघुनि चङ्परेऽनग्लोपे, a prosodically short (लघु) vowel of the अभ्यासः (reduplicate) is elongated.
Note: 7-4-94 cannot apply unless the conditions specified in 7-4-93 are satisfied first.

Note: As per 7-4-93 सन्वल्लघुनि चङ्परेऽनग्लोपे – The operations on a reduplicate (अभ्यासः) belonging to a अङ्गम् which is followed by the affix “णि” which itself is followed by the affix “चङ्”, are done as if the affix “सन्” follows, provided the following two conditions are satisfied – i) the vowel (in this case the उकारः in “रुजि”) following the अभ्यासः is लघु (prosodically short) and ii) there is no elision (based on the affix “णि”) of a अक् letter.

(13) रू रुज् + अ + त् । By 6-4-51 णेरनिटि – The “णि”-प्रत्यय: is elided when followed by an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: which does not have the augment इट्।

Note: Since the affix “अ” (चङ्) does not begin with a वल् letter it cannot take the “इट्”-आगमः (by 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः।)

(14) अट् रू रुज् + अ + त् । By 6-4-71 लुङ्लङ्लृङ्क्ष्वडुदात्तः – When followed by लुँङ्, लँङ् or लृँङ्, an अङ्गम् gets the “अट्”-आगमः which is उदात्तः। 1-1-46 आद्यन्तौ टकितौ places the “अट्”-आगमः at the beginning of the अङ्गम्।

(15) अरूरुजत् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-4-51 णेरनिटि (used in step 13) been used in a तिङन्तं पदम् in the last five verses of Chapter 14 of the गीता?

2. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 1-1-48 एच इग्घ्रस्वादेशे, the तत्त्वबोधिनी says “आन्तरतम्यादेकारैकारयोरिकारः। ओकारौकारयोस्तूकारः।” Please explain.

3. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 7-4-1 णौ चङ्युपधाया ह्रस्वः, the तत्त्वबोधिनी says “उपधायाः किम्? अचकाङ्क्षत्।” Please explain.

4. In the verses can you spot a “नुँम्”-आगमः?

5. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Your words pained my heart.”

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Śrī Kṛṣṇa crushed Indra’s pride.” Use a word from the verse for “crushed.”

Easy Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः been used in the verses?

2. What would be an alternate form for अमुञ्चच्छिलावर्षम् (= अमुञ्चत् +  शिलावर्षम्)?

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