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अरीरमत् 3As-लुँङ्

Today we will look at the form अरीरमत् 3As-लुँङ् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.29.42.

श्रीशुक उवाच
व्यक्तं भवान्व्रजभयार्तिहरोऽभिजातो देवो यथादिपुरुषः सुरलोकगोप्ता । तन्नो निधेहि करपङ्कजमार्तबन्धो तप्तस्तनेषु च शिरःसु च किङ्करीणाम् ।। १०-२९-४१ ।।
इति विक्लवितं तासां श्रुत्वा योगेश्वरेश्वरः । प्रहस्य सदयं गोपीरात्मारामोऽप्यरीरमत् ।। १०-२९-४२ ।।

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
व्यक्तं निश्चितम् ।। ४१ ।। विक्लवितं पारवश्यप्रलपितम् । गोपीः अरीरमद्रमयामास ।। ४२ ।।

Gita Press translation – Indeed You have been particularly born as the Dispeller of the fears and distress of Vraja, (even) as Lord Viṣṇu (the most ancient Person) was born (in heaven in the form of the divine Dwarf) as the Protector of the celestial realm. Therefore, place Your lotus-hand, O Be-friender of the afflicted, on the burning breasts and heads of (us,) Your servant-maids (41). Śrī Śuka went on: Laughing heartily to hear the aforesaid pitiful prayer of the Gopis, Śrī Kṛṣṇa (the Lord of all masters of Yoga,) proceeded to delight them out of compassion, though reveling in His own Self (42).

अरीरमत् is a causative form derived from the धातुः √रम् (भ्वादि-गणः, रमुँ क्रीडायाम् । रमँ इति माधवः, धातु-पाठः #१. ९८९)

The ending उकारः/अकार: of √रम् gets the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and takes लोप: by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

The विवक्षा here is लुँङ्, कर्तरि प्रयोग: (हेतुमति), प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम्

रम् + णिच् । By 3-1-26 हेतुमति च – The affix “णिच्” is used after a root, when the operation of a causer – such as the operation of directing – is to be expressed.
= रम् + इ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
= राम् + इ । By 7-2-116 अत उपधायाः – A penultimate (उपधा) अकार: of a अङ्गम् gets वृद्धिः as the substitute when followed by a प्रत्ययः which is a ञित् or a णित्।

By the गणसूत्रम् जनीजॄष्क्नसुरञ्जोऽमन्ताश्च (in the धातुपाठ:, below the गणसूत्रम् “घटादयो मित:”) – The verbal roots √जन् (जनीँ प्रादुर्भावे ४. ४४), √जॄ (जॄष् वयोहानौ ४. २५), √क्नस् (क्नसुँ ह्वरणदीप्त्योः ४. ७), √रञ्ज् (रञ्जँ रागे १. ११५४) as well as any verbal root ending in “अम्” shall be considered to be “मित्” (having मकार: an an इत्)।
= रमि । By 6-4-92 मितां ह्रस्वः, a short vowel (ह्रस्व:) is substituted in place of the penultimate letter (vowel) of a verbal root which is मित् (has मकार: as an इत्) and is followed by the causative affix “णि”।
“रमि” gets धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः।

“रमि” takes a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः here as per 1-3-88 अणावकर्मकाच्चित्तवत्कर्तृकात् – When used in the causative, a verbal root which in its non-causal state is intransitive and has a sentient being for its agent, takes a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः।

(1) रमि + लुँङ् । By 3-2-110 लुङ्, the affix लुँङ् is prescribed after a verbal root when used in the sense of past.

(2) रमि + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) रमि + तिप् । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates “तिप्” as the substitute for the लकारः।

(4) रमि + ति । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(5) रमि + त् । By 3-4-100 इतश्च, the ending इकारः of a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः which came in the place of a ङित्-लकारः is elided.

(6) रमि + च्लि + त् । By 3-1-43 च्लि लुङि, when लुँङ् follows, the प्रत्यय: “च्लि” is prescribed after a verbal root.
Note: This सूत्रम् is a अपवाद: for 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌ etc.

(7) रमि + चङ् + त् । By 3-1-48 णिश्रिद्रुस्रुभ्यः कर्तरि चङ् – In the active voice, the affix “च्लि” takes the substitute “चङ्” when following a verbal root ending in the affix “णि” or the verbal root √श्रि (श्रिञ् सेवायाम् १. १०४४) or √द्रु (द्रु गतौ १. १०९५) or √स्रु (स्रु गतौ १. १०९०).

Note: This सूत्रम् is अपवादः (exception) for 3-1-44 च्लेः सिच्

(8) रमि + अ + त् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(9) रम् रमि + अ + त् । By 6-1-11 चङि – When the affix “चङ्” follows a verbal root, there is reduplication of the first portion – containing a single vowel – of the verbal root which is not already reduplicated. But if the verbal root (that has more than one vowel) begins with a vowel, then the reduplication is of the second portion – containing a single vowel.

(10) र रमि + अ + त् । By 7-4-60 हलादिः शेषः – Of the consonants of a reduplicate (अभ्यासः – ref. 6-1-4 पूर्वोऽभ्यासः), only the one (if any) at the beginning is retained, the rest are elided.

Note: As per 7-4-93 सन्वल्लघुनि चङ्परेऽनग्लोपे – The operations on a reduplicate (अभ्यासः) belonging to a अङ्गम् which is followed by the affix “णि” which itself is followed by the affix “चङ्”, are done as if the affix “सन्” follows, provided the following two conditions are satisfied – i) the vowel (in this case the अकारः of “रमि”) following the अभ्यासः is लघु (prosodically short) and ii) there is no elision (based on the affix “णि”) of a अक् letter.

(11) रि रमि + अ + त् । By 7-4-79 सन्यतः – When the affix “सन्” follows, a अकारः belonging to a reduplicate (अभ्यासः) is replaced by a इकारः।

(12) री रमि + अ + त् । By 7-4-94 दीर्घो लघोः – In the context where an affix has सन्वद्भावः (behaves as if it is the affix “सन्”) by 7-4-93, a prosodically short (लघु) vowel (in this case the इकारः of “रि”) of the अभ्यासः (reduplicate) is elongated.

(13) री रम् + अ + त् । By 6-4-51 णेरनिटि – The “णि”-प्रत्यय: is elided when followed by an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: which does not have the augment इट्।

Note: Since the affix “अ” (चङ्) does not begin with a वल् letter it cannot take the “इट्”-आगमः (by 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः।)

(14) अट् री रम् + अ + त् । By 6-4-71 लुङ्लङ्लृङ्क्ष्वडुदात्तः – When followed by लुँङ्, लँङ् or लृँङ्, an अङ्गम् gets the “अट्”-आगमः which is उदात्तः। 1-1-46 आद्यन्तौ टकितौ places the “अट्”-आगमः at the beginning of the अङ्गम्।

(15) अरीरमत् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Questions:

1. In Chapter 3 of the गीता where the गणसूत्रम् – जनीजॄष्क्नसुरञ्जोऽमन्ताश्च (used in this example to derive “रमि”) been used in a तिङन्तं पदम्?

2. In which सूत्रम् that we have studied does पाणिनिः specifically mention √रम् (रमुँ क्रीडायाम् । रमँ इति माधवः १. ९८९)?

3. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 7-4-79 सन्यतः (used in step 11) the तत्त्वबोधिनी says “अत्र लोपोऽभ्यसस्य” इत्यतोऽभ्यासस्येति, “भृञामित्” इत्यत इद्ग्रहणं चानुवर्तते। Please explain.

4. Which सूत्रम् is used for the एकारादेशः in the form निधेहि?

5. Why doesn’t the सूत्रम् 2-4-52 अस्तेर्भूः apply in the form रमयामास?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The beautiful flowers in the garden delighted all of us.”

Easy Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः been used in the verses?

2. What would be an alternate form for शिरःसु?

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