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जनयिष्यथ 2Ap-लृँट्

Today we will look at the form जनयिष्यथ 2Ap-लृँट् from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 3.14.13.

पुत्रांस्त्रैलोक्यभर्तॄन्वै जनयिष्यथ मत्समान् । अदितिस्तन्मना राम दितिश्च दनुरेव च ।। ३-१४-१३ ।।
कालका च महाबाहो शेषास्त्वमनसोऽभवन् । अदित्यां जज्ञिरे देवास्त्रयस्त्रिंशदरिन्दम ।। ३-१४-१४ ।।
आदित्या वसवो रुद्रा अश्विनौ च परन्तप । दितिस्त्वजनयत्पुत्रान्दैत्यांस्तात यशस्विनः ।। ३-१४-१५ ।।

Gita Press translation – ‘You will give birth to sons like me, masters of the three worlds.’ O Rāma of mighty arms – Aditi, Diti, Danu and Kālakā were attentive, the rest were indifferent. “Of Aditi thirty-three gods were born, O vanquisher of foes – the (twelve) Ādityas, the (eight) Vasus, the (eleven) Rudras and the two Aświns, O tormentor of foes! Diti for her part gave birth to the famous Daityas (demons), O dear one! (13-15).”

जनयिष्यथ is a causative form derived from the धातुः √जन् (जनीँ प्रादुर्भावे ४. ४४)

The ending ईकार: at the end of “जनीँ” is an इत् as per 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and takes लोप: by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

The विवक्षा here is लृँट्, कर्तरि प्रयोग: (हेतुमति), मध्यम-पुरुषः, बहुवचनम्

जन् + णिच् । By 3-1-26 हेतुमति च – The affix “णिच्” is used after a root, when the operation of a causer – such as the operation of directing – is to be expressed. “णिच्” gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः
= जन् + इ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
= जान् + इ । By 7-2-116 अत उपधायाः, a penultimate (उपधा) अकार: of a अङ्गम् gets वृद्धिः as the substitute when followed by a प्रत्ययः which is a ञित् or a णित्।

By the गणसूत्रम् जनीजॄष्क्नसुरञ्जोऽमन्ताश्च (in the धातुपाठ:, below the गणसूत्रम् “घटादयो मित:”) – The verbal roots √जन् (जनीँ प्रादुर्भावे ४. ४४), √जॄ (जॄष् वयोहानौ ४. २५), √क्नस् (क्नसुँ ह्वरणदीप्त्योः ४. ७), √रञ्ज् (रञ्जँ रागे १. ११५४) as well as any verbal root ending in “अम्” shall be considered to be “मित्” (having मकार: an an इत्)।

= जनि । By 6-4-92 मितां ह्रस्वः, a short vowel (ह्रस्व:) is substituted in place of the penultimate letter (vowel) of a verbal root which is मित् (has मकार: as an इत्) and is followed by the causative affix “णि”।

“जनि” gets धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः

“जनि” takes a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः here as per 1-3-88 अणावकर्मकाच्चित्तवत्कर्तृकात् – When used in the causative, a verbal root which in its non-causal state is intransitive and has a sentient being for its agent, takes a परस्मैपद-प्रत्ययः।

(1) जनि + लृँट् । 3-3-13 लृट् शेषे च – With or without the presence of a क्रियार्था क्रिया (an action meant or intended for another action), the affix लृँट् is prescribed after a धातुः when used in the sense of future.

(2) जनि + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) जनि + थ । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates the प्रत्ययः “थ” as the substitute for the लकारः।

(4) जनि + स्य + थ । By 3-1-33 स्यतासी लृलुटोः, the affixes “स्य” and “तासिँ” are prescribed after a धातुः when followed by “लृँ” (लृँट् or लृँङ्) or लुँट् respectively.

Note: This rule is a अपवाद: for 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌ etc.

(5) जनि + इट् स्य + थ । By 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः, an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: beginning with a letter of the वल्-प्रत्याहारः gets the augment “इट्”। 1-1-46 आद्यन्तौ टकितौ places the “इट्”-आगमः at the beginning of the प्रत्यय:।

(6) जनि + इस्य + थ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(7) जने + इस्य + थ । By 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः, an अङ्गम् whose final letter is an इक् gets गुण-आदेशः, when a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्यय: follows.

(8) जनयिस्य + थ । By 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः

(9) जनयिष्यथ । By 8-3-59 आदेशप्रत्यययो:, the letter “स्” is replaced by the cerebral “ष्” when preceded either by a letter of the इण्-प्रत्याहार: or a letter of the क-वर्ग: (“क्”, “ख्”, “ग्”, “घ्”, “ङ्”)। This substitution only takes place if the “स्” is an आदेश: (substitute) or part of a प्रत्यय: (affix.)

Questions:

1. Can you spot a word in Chapter Eighteen of the गीता, wherein the “णिच्”-प्रत्यय: has been used along with लृँट् (as in this example)?

2. Where else (besides in जनयिष्यथ) has the गणसूत्रम् – जनीजॄष्क्नसुरञ्जोऽमन्ताश्च been used in the verses?

3. Which सूत्रम् is used for the इकार-लोप: in the form अभवन्?

4. Where has 6-4-98 गमहनजनखनघसां लोपः क्ङित्यनङि been used in the verses?

5. Can you recall a सूत्रम् (besides 6-4-98 mentioned in question 4) in which पाणिनि: specifically mentions the धातु: √जन् (जनीँ प्रादुर्भावे ४. ४४)?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The fire god said to the wives of Dasaratha ‘You (plural) will give birth to brilliant sons.'” Use the masculine (compound) प्रातिपदिकम् “अग्नि-देव” for “fire god” and use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् “तेजस्विन्” for “brilliant.”

Easy questions:

1. Where has 8-3-19 लोपः शाकल्यस्य been used in the verses?

2. Can you spot a “आट्”-आगम: in the verses?

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