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योक्ष्यते 3Ps-लृँट्

Please Note: By popular demand, going forward the posts will be published only on weekdays.

Today we will look at the form योक्ष्यते 3Ps-लृँट् from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 6.4.5.

सीतां हृत्वा तु तद् यातु क्वासौ यास्यति जीवितः । सीता श्रुत्वाभियानं मे आशामेष्यति जीविते । जीवितान्तेऽमृतं स्पृष्ट्वा पीत्वामृतमिवातुरः ।। ६-४-४ ।।
उत्तराफल्गुनी ह्यद्य श्वस्तु हस्तेन योक्ष्यते । अभिप्रयाम सुग्रीव सर्वानीकसमावृताः ।। ६-४-५ ।।
निमित्तानि च पश्यामि यानि प्रादुर्भवन्ति वै । निहत्य रावणं सीतामानयिष्यामि जानकीम् ।। ६-४-६ ।।

Gita Press translation “Let that ogre for his part return (to his abode) after abducting Sītā; but he cannot escape alive. Hearing (from the mouth of Siddhas and others) of my march (to Laṅkā), Sītā (too) will regain her (lost) hope of survival, even as an ailing man would on touching an immortalizing herb or quaffing the drink of immortality at the close of his life.(4) The constellation of Uttarāphālgunī is actually in the ascendant today, while tomorrow the moon will be in conjunction with the constellation Hasta. Let us (therefore) march (this very day), accompanied by all the troops, O Sugrīva!(5) From the omens which actually appear on my person and which I behold I conclude that, killing Rāvaṇa, I shall bring back Sītā, Janaka’s daughter.(6)”

योक्ष्यते is derived from the धातुः √युज् (रुधादि-गणः, युजिँर् योगे, धातु-पाठः # ७. ७)

By the वार्तिकम् – इर इत्सञ्ज्ञा वाच्या, “इर्” of “युजिँर्” gets the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा and takes लोपः by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Since this is a कर्मणि प्रयोग: (passive usage), a आत्मनेपद-प्रत्ययः is used as per 1-3-13 भावकर्मणोः

The विवक्षा is लृँट्, कर्मणि प्रयोगः, प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम्, therefore the प्रत्यय: is “त”।

(1) युज् + लृँट् । 3-3-13 लृट् शेषे च – With or without the presence of a क्रियार्था क्रिया (an action meant or intended for another action), the affix लृँट् is prescribed after a धातुः when used in the sense of future.

(2) युज् + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) युज् + त । 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ् mandates the प्रत्ययः “त” as the substitute for the लकारः।

(4) युज् + ते । By 3-4-79 टित आत्मनेपदानां टेरे, the टि-भागः of a आत्मनेपद-प्रत्ययः which substitutes a टित्-लकारः (a लकार: which has टकार: as a इत्), gets एकारः as the replacement.

(5) युज् + स्य + ते । By 3-1-33 स्यतासी लृलुटोः, the affixes “स्य” and “तासिँ” are prescribed after a धातुः when followed by “लृँ” (लृँट् or लृँङ्) or लुँट् respectively. “स्य” gets आर्धधातुक-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-4-114 आर्धधातुकं शेषः

√युज् is अनुदात्तोपदेश: and hence 7-2-10 एकाच उपदेशेऽनुदात्तात्‌ blocks 7-2-35 आर्धधातुकस्येड् वलादेः

(6) योज् + स्य + ते । By 7-3-86 पुगन्तलघूपधस्य च, when a अङ्गम् is followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्ययः or an आर्धधातुक-प्रत्ययः, then its इक्-letter takes गुण-आदेशः in the following two cases:
i) The अङ्गम् ends in a “पुक्”-आगमः।
ii) The penultimate letter of the अङ्गम् has the लघु-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7) योग् + स्य + ते । By 8-2-30 चोः कुः, the consonants of the च-वर्ग: (“च्”, “छ्”, “ज्”, “झ्”, “ञ्”) get the consonants of the क-वर्ग: (“क्”, “ख्”, “ग्”, “घ्”, “ङ्”) as a replacement when they occur at the end of a पदम् or when they are followed by a झल् letter.

(8) योग् + ष्यते । By 8-3-59 आदेशप्रत्यययो:, the letter “स्” is replaced by the cerebral “ष्” when preceded either by a letter of the इण्-प्रत्याहार: or a letter of the क-वर्ग: (“क्”, “ख्”, “ग्”, “घ्”, “ङ्”)। This substitution only takes place if the “स्” is an आदेश: (substitute) or part of a प्रत्यय: (affix.)

(9) योक्ष्यते । By 8-4-55 खरि च, a झल् letter is replaced by a चर् letter when a खर् letter follows.


1. In Chapter 18 of the गीता where has √युज् (रुधादि-गणः, युजिँर् योगे, धातु-पाठः # ७. ७) been used with लृँट् (as in this example)?

2. Which सूत्रम् is used for the पश्यादेश: in the form पश्यामि?

3. Which verbal root is used in the form एष्यति?

4. Why is the word आनयिष्यामि seen in the verses a आर्ष-प्रयोग: (archaic/irregular form)?

5. Where has 3-4-85 लोटो लङ्वत्‌ been used?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“This affix will be joined by a इट् augment.”

Easy questions:

1. Which अव्ययम् used in the verses has been translated to “today.” Which one has been translated to “tomorrow”?

2. Which सूत्रम् is used to get जानकी + अम् = जानकीम् (स्त्रीलिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् “जानकी”, द्वितीया-एकवचनम्)?

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