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महीयते 3As-लँट्

Today we will look at the form महीयते 3As-लँट् from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 6.2.48.

य एवं परमं गुह्यमितिहासमघापहम् । शृणुयाच्छ्रद्धया युक्तो यश्च भक्त्यानुकीर्तयेत् ॥ ६-२-४७ ॥
न वै स नरकं याति नेक्षितो यमकिङ्करैः । यद्यप्यमङ्गलो मर्त्यो विष्णुलोके महीयते ॥ ६-२-४८ ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका –
न चेक्षितो भवति ॥ ४८ ॥

Gita Press translation – He who, full of reverence hears this legend, which is a most profound secret (of the scriptures) and is capable of destroying (all) one’s sins, as well as he who repeats it with devotion (after hearing it) never goes to hell nor dare the servants of Yama look at him. However accursed (sinful) he may have been, such a mortal is adored (hereafter) in Vaikuṇṭha (the realm of Lord Viṣṇu) (47-48).

महीयते is derived from the verbal root √मही (महीङ् पूजायाम्, कण्ड्वादि-गणः)। The ङकारः at the end of “महीङ्” gets इत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and takes लोप: by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

First we derive the धातुः “महीय” as follows:

(1) मही + यक् । By 3-1-27 कण्ड्वादिभ्यो यक् – The affix यक् is always used after the verbal roots in the कण्ड्वादि-गणः (group of terms headed by “कण्डूञ्”) with no change in their meaning. Note: The terms in the कण्ड्वादि-गणः are considered to be verbal roots as well as nominal stems. When they are used as verbal roots 3-1-27 applies.
Note: यक् is a कित्। Hence 1-1-5 क्क्ङिति च stops 7-3-84 सार्वधातुकार्धधातुकयोः

(2) मही + य । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Now “महीय” gets धातु-सञ्ज्ञा by 3-1-32 सनाद्यन्ता धातवः

The विवक्षा is लँट्, कर्तरि प्रयोगः, प्रथम-पुरुषः, एकवचनम्

(3) महीय + लँट् । By 3-2-123 वर्तमाने लट्, the affix लँट् comes after a धातुः when denoting an action in the present tense.

(4) महीय + ल् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(5) महीय + त । By 3-4-78 तिप्तस्झिसिप्थस्थमिब्वस्मस्तातांझथासाथांध्वमिड्वहिमहिङ्, 1-3-12 अनुदात्तङित आत्मनेपदम्

(6) महीय + ते । By 3-4-79 टित आत्मनेपदानां टेरे, the टि-भागः of a आत्मनेपद-प्रत्ययः which substitutes a टित्-लकारः (a लकार: which has टकार: as a इत्), gets एकारः as the replacement.

(7) महीय + शप् + ते । By 3-1-68 कर्तरि शप्‌, the शप्-प्रत्यय: is placed after a verbal root, when followed by a सार्वधातुक-प्रत्यय: that is used signifying the agent.

(8) महीय + अ + ते । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते , 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(9) महीयते । By 6-1-97 अतो गुणे


1. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-1-101 उपधायाश्च been used in the verses?

2. Which सूत्रम् is used for the “शृ”-आदेशः in the form शृणुयात्?

3. Can you recall another सूत्रम् (besides 3-1-27 कण्ड्वादिभ्यो यक्) which prescribes the affix “यक्”?

4. Can you recall a सूत्रम् (other than 3-1-27 and the answer to question 3) which mentions the affix “यक्”?

5. Use some words from the verses to construct the following sentence in Sanskrit.
“One who reads the Geeta everyday with devotion is honored in Vaikuṇṭha (the realm of Lord Viṣṇu).” Use “अनुदिनम्” as an adverb for “every day.” (literally “day after day.”)

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“Worship the man who always speaks the truth.” Use the verbal root √सपर (सपर पूजायाम्, कण्ड्वादि-गणः) for “to worship.”

Easy Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 8-4-63 शश्छोऽटि been used in the verses?

2. In the verses can you spot a तिङन्तं पदम् in which the affix शप् has taken the लुक् elision?

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