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दिनाधिपतये mDs

Today we will look at the form दिनाधिपतये from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम्

नमः पूर्वाय गिरये पश्चिमायाद्रये नमः ।
ज्योतिर्गणानां पतये दिनाधिपतये नमः ।। ६-१०५-१६ ।।

Gita Press translation "Hail to (you in the form of ) the eastern mountain and hail to you to the western mountain. Hail to the lord of hosts of luminaries, the lord of the day. "

‘दिनाधिपति’ gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च. The विवक्षा here is चतुर्थी-एकवचनम्. 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘दिनाधिपति’.

(1) दिनाधिपति + ङे । By 1-4-8 पतिः समास एव ‘पति’ gets the घि-सञ्ज्ञा only when it occurs in a compound.

(2) दिनाधिपते + ङे । गुणादेशः by 7-3-111 घेर्ङिति. When a ङित् सुँप् affix follows, then an अङ्गम् having the घि-संज्ञा takes the गुण: substitution.

(3) दिनाधिपते + ए । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः.

(4) दिनाधिपतये । अयादेशः to the एकारः by 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः


1. What kind of सूत्रम् is 1-4-8 पतिः समास एव –
a) अपवाद: – Exception to another rule
b) अतिदेश: – Extension of another rule
c) विधि: – A rule which prescribes an operation
d) नियम: – A rule which restricts another rule

2. In the verse, we also have the word पतये which is not part of a compound. How can this form be justified using the rules of पाणिनि: ?

3. Where is the सूत्रम् 7-1-54 ह्रस्वनद्यापो नुट् used in this verse?

4. The सूत्रम् 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः is part of which अधिकार:?

5. Please do पदच्छेद: of “समास एव” and mention the relevant rules.

6. Which two words in the verse translate to “mountain” ?

7. Which परिभाषा-सूत्रम् did we use to decide to do the गुणादेश: only for the ending इकार: of the अङ्गम् in step 2?

8. Of the 21 सुँप्-प्रत्यया: how many are ङित् ?

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