Home » 2010 » November » 15

Daily Archives: November 15, 2010

सखायः mNp

Today we will look at the form सखायः from श्रीमद्भागवतम् SB 4-29-6

सखाय इन्द्रियगणा ज्ञानं कर्म च यत्कृतम् ।
सख्यस्तद्वृत्तयः प्राणः पञ्चवृत्तिर्यथोरगः ।। ४-२९-६ ।।

Gita Press translation " The (ten) Indriyas (the five senses of perception and the five organs of action), which bring about (all) knowledge and action, are the male companions (of Puranjani); their activities are her female companions and the vital air with its fivefold activity is referred to as a (five-hooded) serpent."

सखि gets प्रातिपदिकसंज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम्. The विवक्षा here is प्रथमा-बहुवचनम्. 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् mandates the प्रत्ययाः सुँ, औ, जस् etc. after the प्रातिपदिकम् “सखि”.

(1) सखि + जस् । जस् gets सर्वनामस्थान-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-1-43 सुडनपुंसकस्य . By 7-1-92 सख्युरसम्बुद्धौ , when following the word सखि that has the designation अङ्गम्, the non-vocative affixes that have the designation सर्वनामस्थानम् behave as if they have णकारः as an इत् letter.

(2) सखि + अस् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः.

(3) सखै + अस् । By 7-2-115 अचो ञ्णिति , the ending vowel of the अङ्गम् gets a वृद्धिः substitute, when followed by a प्रत्ययः that has ञकारः or a णकारः as an इत् letter.

(4) सखायस् । By 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः, ‘आय्’ comes as an आदेशः for ‘ऐ’.

(5) सखायः । Applying रुँत्व-विसर्गौ 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः.


1. From where does the अनुवृत्ति: of “णित्” come into the सूत्रम् 7-1-92 सख्युरसम्बुद्धौ ?

2. Why wasn’t the सूत्रम् 6-1-87 आद्गुणः applied to do the सन्धि: between सखाय इन्द्रियगणा: ?

3. There is a word in this verse that is declined like नदी-शब्द: – which one is it?

4. Where is the सूत्रम् 6-1-87 आद्गुणः used in this verse?

5. Where is the प्रातिपदिकम् “सखि” used in the गीता (chapter 11)?

6. In the absence of 7-1-92 सख्युरसम्बुद्धौ , which सूत्रम् would have applied to give which (undesired) form?

7. Which word in the verse translates to “serpent”?

8. After step 2, why did 7-2-115 अचो ञ्णिति apply instead of 7-3-109 जसि च, even though 7-3-109 is a later rule (परम् कार्यम्) compared to 7-2-115?

Recent Posts

November 2010