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कृपया fIs

Today we will look at the form कृपया-fIs from from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 8.7.42.

श्रीशुक उवाच
ततः करतलीकृत्य व्यापि हालाहलं विषम् । अभक्षयन्महादेवः कृपया भूतभावनः ।। ८-७-४२ ।।
तस्यापि दर्शयामास स्ववीर्यं जलकल्मषः । यच्चकार गले नीलं तच्च साधोर्विभूषणम् ।। ८-७-४३ ।।

करतलीकृत्य करतलपरिमितमात्रं कृत्वा ।। ४२ ।। जलकल्मषो जलदोषो विषम् । यस्मात्तं गले नीलं चकारसाधोः कृपालोः ।। ४३ ।।

Gita Press translation – Then, squeezing into (the cavity of) His palm the Hālāhala, which was spreading all round, Lord Śiva (the supreme Deity), the protector of (all) living beings, swallowed it out of compassion (42). The poison (which was the concentrated impurity of the oceanic water) showed its power even on His person in that it made Him (look) blue at the throat, although the spot became a special ornament to that benevolent Soul (43).

कृपया is तृतीया-एकवचनम् of the स्त्रीलिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् ‘कृपा’।

(1) कृपा + टा । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप् । As per 2-3-23 हेतौ – A third case affix (‘टा’, ‘भ्याम्’, ‘भिस्’) is used following a प्रातिपदिकम् (nominal stem) which denotes a cause/reason (for a thing or quality or action.) In the present example ‘कृपा’ (compassion) denotes the हेतु: for the action अभक्षयत् (swallowed.)
Note: The non-technical term हेतु: is a cause/reason for a thing or a quality or an action and it does not directly participate in the action. On the other hand a करणम् – being a कारकम् – is only possible when there is an action and it always directly participates in the action.

See question 2.

(2) कृपा + आ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(3) कृपे + आ । By 7-3-105 आङि चापः – ‘आप्’ ending bases get the letter ‘ए’ as the substitute when followed by the affix ‘आङ्’ (‘टा’) or ‘ओस्’। Note: As per the परिभाषा-सूत्रम् 1-1-52 अलोऽन्त्यस्य only the ending letter ‘आ’ of the base ‘कृपा’ is replaced by ‘ए’।

(4) कृपया । By 6-1-78 एचोऽयवायावः


1. Where has the सूत्रम् 2-3-23 हेतौ been used in the last fifteen verses of Chapter Five of the गीता?

2. Commenting on the सूत्रम् 2-3-23 हेतौ the तत्त्वबोधिनी says – हेतुरिह लौकिक: फलसाधनीभूतो गृह्यते न तु ‘तत्प्रयोजको हेतुश्च’ इति कृत्रिमः। तस्य चकारेण कर्तृसंज्ञाविधानात्कर्तृत्वादेव तृतीयासिद्धे:। Please explain.

3. Where has the सूत्रम् 3-2-78 सुप्यजातौ णिनिस्ताच्छील्ये been used in the verses?

4. Where has the affix ‘उण्’ been used in the verses?

5. Which सूत्रम् prescribes the affix ‘क्त्वा’ in कृत्वा (used in the commentary)?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“The trees are shaking because of the strong wind.” Use the adjective प्रातिपदिकम् ‘प्रबल’ for ‘strong.’

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-4-62 कुहोश्चुः been used in the verses?

2. Which सूत्रम् prescribes the deletion of the letter ‘इ’ in अभक्षयत्?

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April 2014