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रामे mLs

Today we will look at the form रामे mLs from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 7.90.1.

तथोक्तवति रामे तु तस्य जन्म तदद्भुतम् । उवाच लक्ष्मणो भूयो भरतश्च महायशाः ।। ७-९०-१ ।।
इला सा सोमपुत्रस्य संवत्सरमथोषिता । अकरोत्किं नरश्रेष्ठ तत्त्वं शंसितुमर्हसि ।। ७-९०-२ ।।
तयोस्तद्वाक्यमाधुर्यं निशम्य परिपृच्छतोः । रामः पुनरुवाचेमां प्रजापतिसुते कथाम् ।। ७-९०-३ ।।
पुरुषत्वं गते शूरे बुधः परमबुद्धिमान् । संवर्तं परमोदारमाजुहाव महायशाः ।। ७-९०-४ ।।

Gita Press translation – On Śrī Rāma describing his (Purūravā’s) wonderful birth, Lakṣmaṇa and Bharata the famous one said again : “O best among men, please tell us what Ilā did after staying a year with the son of Soma (Budha).” (1-2) Hearing those sweet words of those two, (Lakṣmaṇa and Bharata) who eagerly asked him, Śrī Rāma again described the story of the son of Prajāpati (Ila) (3). When (Ilā) had regained manhood, the very wise one and possessed of fame, Budha, reckoned the very noble Saṁvarta (Ṛṣi) (4).

रामे is सप्तमी-एकवचनम् of the पुंल्लिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् ‘राम’।

(1) राम + ङि । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌। As per the सूत्रम् 2-3-37 यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम्‌ – A seventh case affix (‘ङि’, ‘ओस्’, ‘सुप्’) is used following a प्रातिपदिकम् (nominal stem) which denotes the one (agent/object) whose action (the timing of which is known) gives an indication of (the timing of) another action.
Note: A सप्तमी used in this manner is called भावलक्षण-सप्तमी or भाव-सप्तमी or सत्-सप्तमी or सति-सप्तमी। In English it is called Locative Absolute.
Note: The action (लक्षण-क्रिया) in the absolute clause is generally expressed by using a participle ending in a कृत् affix. This participle (here ‘उक्तवत्’) – being in grammatical agreement with the प्रातिपदिकम् (here the agent ‘राम’) which denotes the agent/object of the action – also takes the seventh case affix.

(2) राम + इ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(3) रामे । By 6-1-87 आद्गुणः

Questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 2-3-37 यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम्‌ been used in the first twenty verses of Chapter Two of the गीता?

2. Where else (besides in रामे) has the सूत्रम् 2-3-37 यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम्‌ been used in the verses?

3. Which सूत्रम् justifies the use of a second case affix in the form संवत्सरम् used in the verses?

4. Where has the सूत्रम् 3-4-65 शकधृषज्ञाग्लाघटरभलभक्रमसहार्हास्त्यर्थेषु तुमुन् been used in the verses?

5. Can you spot the substitution ‘ल्यप्’ (in place of ‘त्वा’) in the verses?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“When I read the Geeta all my doubts vanished.” Use the verbal root √नश् (णशँ अदर्शने ४. ९१) for ‘to vanish.’

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 7-2-109 दश्च been used in the verses?

2. In which word in the verses has the affix ‘उ’ been used?

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