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अन्येषु mLp

Today we will look at the form अन्येषु mLp from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.18.13.

भ्रमणैर्लङ्घनैः क्षेपैरास्फोटनविकर्षणैः । चिक्रीडतुर्नियुद्धेन काकपक्षधरौ क्वचित् ।। १०-१८-१२ ।।
क्वचिन्नृत्यत्सु चान्येषु गायकौ वादकौ स्वयम् । शशंसतुर्महाराज साधु साध्विति वादिनौ ।। १०-१८-१३ ।।

काकपक्षाश्चूडाकरणात्प्राक्तनकेशाः । भ्रमणादिप्रकारैर्नियुद्धेन बाहुयुद्धेन चिक्रीडतुः ।। १२ ।। १३ ।।

Gita Press translation – Wearing side-locks (after the fashion of the day), the two Brothers now diverted Themselves by revolving (in pairs with Their hands clasped together), long jumps, putting the weight, slapping the arms, tug of war and wrestling (12). Sometimes, while others danced, the two Brothers Themselves sang or sounded the instruments or applauded the dancers, O great king, by exclaiming “Well done! Bravo!” (13)

अन्येषु is पुंल्लिङ्गे सप्तमी-बहुवचनम् of the सर्वनाम-प्रातिपदिकम् ‘अन्य’।

(1) अन्य + सुप् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌। As per the सूत्रम् 2-3-37 यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम्‌ – A seventh case affix (‘ङि’, ‘ओस्’, ‘सुप्’) is used following a प्रातिपदिकम् (nominal stem) which denotes the one (agent/object) whose action (the timing of which is known) gives an indication of (the timing of) another action.
Note: A सप्तमी used in this manner is called भावलक्षण-सप्तमी or भाव-सप्तमी or सत्-सप्तमी or सति-सप्तमी। In English it is called Locative Absolute.
Note: The action (लक्षण-क्रिया) in the absolute clause is generally expressed by using a participle ending in a कृत् affix. This participle (here ‘नृत्यत्’) – being in grammatical agreement with the प्रातिपदिकम् (here the agent ‘अन्य’) which denotes the agent/object of the action – also takes the seventh case affix.

(2) अन्य + सु । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(3) अन्ये + सु । By 7-3-103 बहुवचने झल्येत् – The ending letter ‘अ’ of a अङ्गम् changes to ‘ए’ when followed by a plural सुँप् affix beginning with a झल् letter.

(4) अन्येषु । By 8-3-59 आदेशप्रत्यययोः


1. Where has the सूत्रम् 2-3-37 यस्य च भावेन भावलक्षणम्‌ been used in verses 20-25 of Chapter Eight of the गीता?

2. In the verses can you spot a word in which the substitution ‘शतृँ’ (in place of ‘लँट्’) has been used?

3. In which sense has the third case in भ्रमणैः, लङ्घनैः, क्षेपैः, आस्फोटनविकर्षणैः and नियुद्धेन been used?
i. कर्तरि
ii. करणे
iv. None of the above

4. Which कृत् affix is used to construct the प्रातिपदिकम् ‘गायक’ (used in the form गायकौ (पुंलिङ्गे प्रथमा-द्विवचनम्)) in the verses?

5. Which सूत्रम् prescribes the affix ल्युट् used in लङ्घनैः (नपुंसकलिङ्ग-प्रातिपदिकम् ‘लङ्घन’, तृतीया-बहुवचनम्)?

6. How would you say this in Sanskrit?
“While the body perishes the Self does not perish.” Use the verbal root √नश् (णशँ अदर्शने ४. ९१) preceded by the उपसर्ग: ‘वि’ for ‘to perish.’

Easy questions:

1. Where has the सूत्रम् 6-1-69 एङ्ह्रस्वात्‌ सम्बुद्धेः been used in the verses?

2. Which सूत्रम् prescribes the substitution ‘अतुस्’ in the form ‘शशंसतुः’?

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