क्षत्रियाणाम् mGp

Today we will look at the form क्षत्रियाणाम् mGp from श्रीमद्भागवतम् verse 9.15.16.

श्रीराजोवाच
किं तदंहो भगवतो राजन्यैरजितात्मभिः
कृतं येन कुलं नष्टं क्षत्रियाणामभीक्ष्णशः ॥ ९-१५-१६ ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
No commentary on this verse.

Gita Press Translation – The king (Parīkṣit) submitted: What was the offense which was committed against the glorious sage (Paraśurāma) by Kṣatriyas of uncontrolled mind, for which the (entire) race of the Kṣatriyas was wiped out (by him) time and again? (16)

क्षत्त्रस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) जातिः = क्षत्त्रियः – the son of one belonging to kṣatriya class (from his kṣatriya wife)
In the verses the विवक्षा is षष्ठी-बहुवचनम्। Hence the form is क्षत्रियाणाम्।

(1) क्षत्त्र ङस् + घ । By 4-1-138 क्षत्त्राद् घः – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendent) the तद्धित: affix ‘घ’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् which ends in a sixth case affix and has ‘क्षत्त्र’ as its base.
Note: The affix ‘घ’ applies only if the derived form conveys the sense of kṣatriya class.
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

Note: ‘क्षत्त्र ङस् + घ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(2) क्षत्त्र + घ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

(3) क्षत्त्र + इय् अ । By 7-1-2 आयनेयीनीयियः फढखछघां प्रत्ययादीनाम्‌ – The letters ‘फ्’, ‘ढ्’, ‘ख्’, ‘छ्’ and ‘घ्’ – when they occur at the beginning of a प्रत्यय: (affix) – are replaced respectively by ‘आयन्’, ‘एय्’, ‘ईन्’, ‘ईय्’ and ‘इय्’।
Note: As per the सूत्रम् 1-3-10 यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम्, the substitutions take place respectively.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘क्षत्त्र’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(4) क्षत्त्र् + इय । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= क्षत्त्रिय । Note: The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘क्षत्त्रिय’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

Note: As per the महाभाष्यम् (under the सूत्रम् 7-1-72) – न व्यञ्जनपरस्यैकस्य वानेकस्य वा श्रवणं प्रति विशेषोऽस्ति – In the pronunciation of a conjunct consonant whether the prior member is single or repeated is indistinguishable to the ear. Hence we often see the form ‘क्षत्रिय’ instead of ‘क्षत्त्रिय’।

(5) क्षत्रिय + आम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्। Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of ‘आम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(6) क्षत्रिय + नुँट् आम् । By 7-1-54 ह्रस्वनद्यापो नुट्, the affix ‘आम्’ takes the augment नुँट् when it follows a प्रातिपदिकम् which either ends in a short vowel or has the नदी-संज्ञा or ends in the feminine affix ‘आप्’। As per the परिभाषा-सूत्रम् 1-1-46 आद्यन्तौ टकितौ, the augment नुँट् joins at the beginning of ‘आम्’।

(7) क्षत्रिय + नाम् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत्, 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(8) क्षत्रियानाम् । By 6-4-3 नामि – The ending vowel of an अङ्गम् gets elongated if followed by the term ‘नाम्’।

(9) क्षत्रियाणाम् । By 8-4-2 अट्कुप्वाङ्नुम्व्यवायेऽपि, the letter ‘न्’ is replaced by the letter ‘ण्’ when either the letter ‘र्’ or ‘ष्’ precedes, even if intervened by a letter of the अट्-प्रत्याहार: or by a letter of the क-वर्ग: or प-वर्गः or the term ‘आङ्’ or ‘नुँम्’ (अनुस्वारः) either singly or in any combination.

राजन्याः mNp

Today we will look at the form राजन्याः mNp from श्रीमद्भागवतम् verse 10.83.34.

तेऽन्वसज्जन्त राजन्या निषेद्धुं पथि केचन ।
संयत्ता उद्धृतेष्वासा ग्रामसिंहा यथा हरिम् ॥ १०-८३-३४ ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
अन्वसज्जन्त पृष्ठतः सक्ता बभूवुः । निषेद्धुं प्रतिबन्धं कर्तुं केचन पुरतो गत्वा पथि संयत्ता बभूवुरित्यर्थः । उद्धृतेष्वासा ऊर्ध्वकृतचापाः । ग्रामसिंहाः श्वानो हरिं सिंहं यथेति ॥ ३४ ॥

Gita Press Translation – Lifting up their bows and prepared for a battle, some of those kings pursued my Lord with a view to obstructing Him on the way; but their attempt was no more successful than that of dogs to check the lion (34).

राज्ञोऽपत्यम् (पुमान्) जातिः = राजन्यः – the son of a kṣatriya king (from his kṣatriya wife)
In the verses the विवक्षा is प्रथमा-बहुवचनम्। Hence the form is राजन्याः।

(1) राजन् ङस् + यत् । By 4-1-137 राजश्वशुराद्यत्‌ – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendent), the तद्धित: affix ‘यत्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् which ends in a sixth case affix and has either ‘राजन्’ or ‘श्वशुर’ as its base.
Note: The affix ‘यत्’ prescribed by this सूत्रम् is a अपवाद: (exception) to the default affix ‘अण्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण्) in the case of ‘राजन्’ as well as the affix ‘इञ्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-95 अत इञ्) in the case of ‘श्वशुर’।
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) राजन् ङस् + य । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
Note: The letter ‘त्’ in the affix ’यत्’ is for the purpose of indicating the intonation (ref: 6-1-185 तित्स्वरितम्)।

Note: ‘राजन् ङस् + य’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) राजन् + य । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्। Note: The अङ्गम् ‘राजन्’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम्।

(4) राजन्य । By 6-4-168 ये चाभावकर्मणोः – When followed by a तद्धितः affix beginning with the letter ‘य्’, the term ‘अन्’ remains unchanged, provided the affix denotes neither the action (भावः) nor the object (कर्म)।
Note: In the absence of 6-4-168 the सूत्रम् 6-4-144 नस्तद्धिते would have applied to elide the ‘टि’-portion ‘अन्’ of the अङ्गम् ‘राजन्’।

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘राजन्य’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(5) राजन्य + जस् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌

(6) राजन्य + अस् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘स्’ of ‘जस्’ from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा ।

(7) राजन्यास् । By 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः – When a अक् letter is followed by a vowel (अच्) of the first (nominative) or second (accusative) case then for the two of them (अक् + अच्) there is a single substitute which is the elongated form of the first member (the अक् letter.)

(8) राजन्याः । रुँत्व-विसर्गौ by 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः

श्वशुर्यम् mAs

Today we will look at the form श्वशुर्यम् mAs from कथासरित्सागरः 16.1.60.

ततः श्वशुर्यं शोकार्तं स्नेहात्पार्श्वस्थितं तदा ।
गोपालकं स वत्सेशो बाष्पकण्ठोऽभ्यभाषत ॥ १६-१-६०॥

Translation – Then that king of Vatsa with throat half-choked with tears, addressed his afflicted brother-in-law Gopālaka, who remained at his side out of affection (60).

श्वशुरस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = श्वशुर्यः – father-in-law’s son = brother-in-law
In the verses the विवक्षा is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्। Hence the form is श्वशुर्यम्।

(1) श्वशुर ङस् + यत् । By 4-1-137 राजश्वशुराद्यत्‌ – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendent), the तद्धित: affix ‘यत्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् which ends in a sixth case affix and has either ‘राजन्’ or ‘श्वशुर’ as its base.
Note: First the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् prescribes the default affix ‘अण्’ which is over-ruled by the affix ‘इञ्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-95 अत इञ्) and finally the affix ‘यत्’ prevails because of the specific mention of ‘श्वशुर’ in 4-1-137.
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) श्वशुर ङस् + य । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः
Note: The letter ‘त्’ in the affix ’यत्’ is for the purpose of indicating the intonation (ref: 6-1-185 तित्स्वरितम्)।

Note: ‘श्वशुर ङस् + य’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) श्वशुर + य । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘श्वशुर’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(4) श्वशुर् + य । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= श्वशुर्य । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘श्वशुर्य’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(5) श्वशुर्य + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌।
Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of the affix ‘अम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(6) श्वशुर्यम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

वैनतेयात् m-Ab-s

Today we will look at the form वैनतेयात् m-Ab-s from रघुवंशम् 16.88.

इत्थं नागस्त्रिभुवनगुरोरौरसं मैथिलेयं लब्ध्वा बन्धुं तमपि च कुशः पञ्चमं तक्षकस्य ।
एकः शङ्कां पितृवधरिपोरत्यजद्वैनतेयाच्छान्तव्यालामवनिमपरः पौरकान्तः शशास ॥ 16-88॥

टीका –
इत्थं नागः कुमुदः । त्रिभुवनगुरोः त्रयाणां भुवनानां समाहारस्त्रिभुवनम् । ‘2-1-51 तद्धितार्थ-‘ इत्यादिना तत्पुरुषः । अदन्तद्विगुत्वेऽपि पात्राद्यदन्ततत्वान्नपुंसकत्वम्। ‘पात्राद्यदन्तैरेकार्थो द्विगुर्लक्ष्यानुसारतः’ इत्यमरः । तस्य गुरू रामः । तस्य औरसं धर्मपत्नीजं पुत्रम् । ‘औरसो धर्मपत्नीजः’ इति याज्ञवल्क्यः । मैथिलेयं कुशं बन्धुं लब्ध्वाकुशोऽपि च तक्षकस्य पञ्चमं पुत्रं तं कुमुदं बन्धुं लब्ध्वा एकः तयोरन्यतरः कुमुदः [पितृवधरिपोः] पितृवधेन रिपोः वैनतेयात् गरुडात् । गुरुणा वैष्णवांशेन कुशेन त्याजितक्रौर्यादिति भावः । शङ्कां भयम् अत्यजत्अपरः कुशः शान्तव्यालां कुमुदाज्ञया वीतसर्पभयाम् अवनिम् अत एव पौरकान्तः पौरप्रियः सन् शशास ।। ८८ ।।

Translation – Thus the serpent (Kumuda), having obtained Kuśa – a legitimate son of Rāma (the master of (the collection of) the three worlds) and Sītā (the princess of Mithilā) – as a relative, abandoned fear from the enemy Garuḍa (son of Vinatā) who had slain his father. And in turn Kuśa, loved by his subjects, having obtained Kumuda – the fifth son of Takṣaka – as a relative , ruled the earth freed from the fear of serpents (88).

The above verses have previously appeared in the following post – त्रिभुवनगुरोः mGs

विनताया अपत्यम् (पुमान्) = वैनतेयः (गरुडः) – a (male) descendant of Vinatā. It refers to Garuḍa (son of Vinatā)
In the verses the विवक्षा is पञ्चमी-एकवचनम्। Hence the form is वैनतेयात्।

(1) विनता ङस् + ढक् । By 4-1-120 स्त्रीभ्यो ढक् – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendent), the तद्धित: affix ‘ढक्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has a base ending in a feminine affix (prescribed in the अधिकारः of 4-1-3 स्त्रियाम्)।
Note: As per the प्ररिभाषा ’प्रत्ययग्रहणे तदन्तग्रहणम्’ – The term ‘स्त्रीभ्यः’ should be understood as ’स्त्रीप्रत्ययान्तेभ्यः’, that is terms ending in the feminine affixes like टाप्, ङीप् etc.
Note: The सूत्रम् 4-1-120 स्त्रीभ्यो ढक् applies in the present example, since the प्रातिपदिकम् ’विनता’ ends in the feminine affix ‘टाप्’।
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) विनता ङस् + ढ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः। Note: The fact that the सूत्रम् 7-1-2 आयनेयीनीयियः फढखछघां प्रत्ययादीनाम्‌ (used in step 4) specifically prescribes the substitution ‘एय्’ in place of the letter ‘ढ्’ occurring in the beginning of an affix, obviously implies that the letter ‘ढ्’ in the beginning of an affix (such as ढक्) does not get the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-7 चुटू‌। Because, otherwise the letter ‘ढ्’ would be elided by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

Note: ‘विनता ङस् + ढ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) विनता + ढ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

(4) विनता + एय् अ । By 7-1-2 आयनेयीनीयियः फढखछघां प्रत्ययादीनाम्‌ – The letters ‘फ्’, ‘ढ्’, ‘ख्’, ‘छ्’ and ‘घ्’ – when they occur at the beginning of a प्रत्यय: (affix) – are replaced respectively by ‘आयन्’, ‘एय्’, ‘ईन्’, ‘ईय्’ and ‘इय्’।
Note: As per the सूत्रम् 1-3-10 यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम्, the substitutions take place respectively.

Note: The affix ढक् is a कित् (has the letter ‘क्’ as a इत्) and this allows 7-2-118 to apply in the next step.

(5) वैनता + एय । By 7-2-118 किति च – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is a कित् (has the letter ‘क्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वैनता’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(6) वैनत् + एय । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= वैनतेय । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वैनतेय’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(7) वैनतेय + ङसिँ । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌

(8) वैनतेय + आत् । By 7-1-12 टाङसिङसामिनात्स्याः, 1-1-55 अनेकाल्शित्सर्वस्य। Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘त्’ of ‘आत्’ from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(9) वैनतेयात् । By 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः

We can similarly derive the following –
१) कुन्त्या अपत्यम् (पुमान्) = कौन्तेयः (अर्जुनः) – a (male) descendant of Kuntī. It generally refers to Arjuna (son of Kuntī).
२) सरमाया अपत्यम् (पुमान्) = सारमेयः – a (male) descendant of Saramā. Saramā is the name of the female dog belonging to the gods. Hence Sārameya refers to a dog.
३) द्रौपद्या अपत्यम् (पुमान्) = द्रौपदेयः – a (male) descendant of Draupadī.

षाण्मातुरम् nNs

Today we will look at the form षाण्मातुरम् nNs from चम्पू-रामायणम् 1.62.

तत्राभूत्कृत्तिकाप्रीत्यै षोढारूढमुखाम्बुजम् ।
तारकध्वान्तविध्वंसि सद्यः षाण्मातुरं महः ∥ ६२ ∥

तत्रेति । तत्र शरवणे कृत्तिकाप्रीत्यै – स्तन्यं पाययितुं देवैः प्रेरितानां षट्संख्याकानां कृत्तिकामातॄणाम् प्रीत्यै प्रसन्नतार्थं षोढारूढमुखाम्बुजम् – षोढा षड्भिः प्रकारैः (‘प्रकारवचने थाल्’ इति थाल्) आरूढानि प्रादुर्भूतानि मुखाम्बुजानि मुखकमलानि तस्य तादृशम्, षाण्मातुरम् षण्णां मातॄणामपत्यं षाण्मातुरम् (‘षाण्मातुरः शक्तिधरः कुमारः’ इत्यमरः) सद्यस्तत्कालं तारकध्वान्तविध्वंसि – तारकस्तन्नामासुर एव ध्वान्तं तिमिरं विध्वंसयति नाशयतीति तारकध्वान्तविध्वंसि महः कार्त्तिकेयरूपं तेजः अभूत् जातम् । तत्र शरवणे षट्संख्याकाः कृत्तिका मातरः सेनान्यं स्तन्यं पाययितुं प्रेरिताः। एकेनैकेन मुखेन एकैकस्याः स्तन्यपानेन सर्वासां प्रीत्यर्थमिव षण्मुखोपेतं सद्यः तारकतिमिरविनाशकं षाण्मातुरं कार्त्तिकेयरूपं तेजः प्रादुर्भूतमित्यर्थः । अनुष्टुब्वृत्तम् ∥ ६२ ∥

Translation – In order to cause delight to the (six) Kṛttikās (who were prompted by the Gods to nurse the child), there (in that forest of reeds) instantaneously appeared a radiance in the form of Kārtikeya (the one who has six mothers), who manifested six-fold lotus-like faces and was the destroyer of the darkness in the form of (the demon named) Tāraka. 

षण्णां मातॄणामपत्यम् = षाण्मातुरम् (कार्तिकेयरूपम्) – an offspring of six mothers. Here it refers to the radiance of the form of Kārtikeya.
The compound ‘षाण्मातुर’ is an adjective. In the verse it qualifies the neuter noun महः। The विवक्षा is नपुंसकलिङ्गे प्रथमा-एकवचनम्।

First we construct the द्विगु-समासः ‘षण्मातृ’ as follows –

अलौकिक-विग्रह: –
(1) षष् आम् + मातृ आम् । By 2-1-51 तद्धितार्थोत्तरपदसमाहारे च – In the following three situations a सुबन्तं (ending in a सुँप् affix) पदम् denoting either a direction of the compass or a numeral combines with another सुबन्तं (ending in a सुँप् affix) पदम् referring to the same item and the resulting compound is a तत्पुरुष: –
i) in the context where the sense of a तद्धित: affix is to be expressed
ii) when a उत्तरपदम् (a final member) of a compound follows
iii) when the compound denotes a समाहार: (aggregate.)
Note: Compounding is allowed here on the condition that the sense (तस्यापत्यम्) of the तद्धित: affix अण् (prescribed by 4-1-115 मातुरुत्‌ संख्यासम्भद्रपूर्वायाः) is to be expressed.
Note: असञ्ज्ञार्थं वचनम् – This सूत्रम् is composed to cover those situations where the resulting compound does not denote a सञ्ज्ञा (a proper name) and hence would not be permitted as per the नियम-सूत्रम् (restriction rule) 2-1-50 दिक्संख्ये संज्ञायाम्‌।
As per 1-2-43 प्रथमानिर्दिष्टं समास उपसर्जनम् the term ‘षष् आम्’ (which denotes a numeral) gets the designation उपसर्जनम् because in the सूत्रम् 2-1-51 (which prescribes the compounding) the term दिक्संख्ये (which comes as अनुवृत्ति: from the सूत्रम् 2-1-50 दिक्संख्ये संज्ञायाम्‌) ends in the nominative case. And hence as per 2-2-30 उपसर्जनं पूर्वम्, the term ‘षष् आम्’ is placed in the prior position in the compound.
Note: ‘षष् आम् + मातृ आम्’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(2) षष् + मातृ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्। Note: Now ‘षष्’ has the designation पदम् here by the सूत्रम् 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम् with the help of the परिभाषा-सूत्रम् 1-1-62 प्रत्ययलोपे प्रत्ययलक्षणम्। This allows the सूत्रम् 8-2-39 झलां जशोऽन्ते to apply in the next step.

(3) षड् + मातृ । By 8-2-39 झलां जशोऽन्ते – When a letter of the झल्-प्रत्याहारः occurs at the end of a पदम् it is replaced by a letter of the जश्-प्रत्याहारः।

(4) षण्मातृ । By 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा – When a nasal sound follows, then a letter of the यर्-प्रत्याहारः at the end of a पदम् is optionally substituted by a nasal letter.

Now we derive the form ‘षाण्मातुर’ from the compound ‘षण्मातृ’ as follows –

(5) षण्मातुर् आम् + अण् । By 4-1-115 मातुरुत्‌ संख्यासम्भद्रपूर्वायाः – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendent), the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has the base ‘मातृ’, preceded either by a word denoting a number (संख्या) or the word ‘सम्’ or the word ‘भद्र’। Simultaneously, the ending short letter ‘ऋ’ of the word ‘मातृ’ takes the letter ‘उ’ as the substitute.
Note: The purpose of the सूत्रम् 4-1-115 is to prescribe the letter ‘उ’ (which after the application of 1-1-51 becomes ‘उर्’) as the substitute, because the affix अण् is already available by the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण्।
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(6) षण्मातुर् आम् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘षण्मातुर् आम् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(7) षण्मातुर् + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्). This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step to perform the वृद्धिः substitution in place of the letter ’अ’, which is the first vowel of the अङ्गम् ‘षण्मातुर्’।

(8) षाण्मातुर । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘षाण्मातुर’ declines like वन-शब्दः in the neuter.

(9) षाण्मातुर + सुँ । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌

(10) षाण्मातुर + अम् । By 7-1-24 अतोऽम् – The affixes ‘सुँ’ and ‘अम्’ that follow a neuter अङ्गम् ending in the short vowel ‘अ’ take ‘अम्’ as their replacement.
Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of the affix ‘अम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(11) षाण्मातुरम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

Similarly, we can derive the following –
१) द्वयोर्मात्रोरपत्यम् (पुमान्) = द्वैमातुरः (गणेशः) – a (male) offspring of two mothers

२) सम्मातुरपत्यम् (पुमान्) = साम्मातुरः – a (male) offspring of a good mother
Note: सम्माता is a प्रादि-समास: explained as सम् (समीचीना) माता = सम्माता – good mother

३) भद्रमातुरपत्यम् (पुमान्) = भाद्रमातुरः – a (male) offspring of an auspicious mother
Note: भद्रमाता is a कर्मधारय-समास: explained as भद्रा चासौ माता = भद्रमाता – auspicious mother

वासुदेवम् mAs

Today we will look at the form वासुदेवम् mAs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 4.22.39.

यत्पादपङ्कजपलाशविलासभक्त्या कर्माशयं ग्रथितमुद्ग्रथयन्ति सन्तः ।
तद्वन्न रिक्तमतयो यतयोऽपि रुद्धस्रोतोगणास्तमरणं भज वासुदेवम् ॥ ४-२२-३९ ॥
कृच्छ्रो महानिह भवार्णवमप्लवेशां षड्वर्गनक्रमसुखेन तितरिषन्ति ।
तत्त्वं हरेर्भगवतो भजनीयमङ्घ्रिं कृत्वोडुपं व्यसनमुत्तर दुस्तरार्णम् ॥ ४-२२-४० ॥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
तमवेहीति ज्ञानमुपदिष्टं तस्य दुष्करत्वेन भक्तिमुपदिशति द्वाभ्याम् । यस्य पादपङ्कजयोः पलाशान्यङ्गुलयस्तेषां विलासः कान्तिस्तस्य भक्त्या स्मृत्या कर्माशयमहंकाररूपं हृदयग्रन्थिम् । कर्मभिरेव ग्रथितम् । रिक्ता निर्विषया मतिर्येषाम् । रुद्धः प्रत्याहृतः स्रोतोगण इन्द्रियवर्गो यैः । अरणं शरणम् ॥ ३९ ॥ ‘ननु ब्रह्मविदाप्नोति परं’ इति श्रुतेः । कथं यतयो नोद्ग्रथयन्तीत्युच्यते तत्राह – कृच्छ्र इति । अप्लवेशां न प्लवस्तरणहेतुरीट् ईशो येषां तेषां महानिह तरणे कृच्छ्रः क्लेशः । ते ह्यसुखेन योगादिनेन्द्रियषड्वर्गग्राहं भवार्णवं तितीर्षन्ति । तत्तस्मात् । उडुपं प्लवम् । दुस्तरार्णवमित्यर्थः । अर्णशब्दे वकाराभाव आर्षः । यद्वा दुस्तरोदकरूपं व्यसनमित्यर्थः ॥ ४० ॥

GitaPress translation – Resort (then) as your (sole) refuge to Lord Vāsudeva, by fixing the thought on the splendor of the very toes of whose lotus-feet pious souls cut asunder the knot of egotism (which us nothing but a conglomerate of tendencies to action) formed (by Karmas themselves), in a manner that even recluses who have emptied their mind (of all thoughts of the world), having withdrawn their senses (from their objects) are not able to do (39). Great agony is experienced in crossing the ocean of metempsychosis – which is infested with (fierce) crocodiles in the shape of the five senses and the mind – by those who have not found their boat in God, inasmuch as they seek to reach the other end of it by painful means (such as the practice of Yoga.) Therefore, you make the adorable feet of Lord Śrī Hari your boat and cross the ocean of misery, which is so difficult to cross (40).

The above verses have previously appeared in the following post – तितरिषन्ति-3ap-लँट्

वसुदेवस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = वासुदेवः – a (male) descendant of the Vasudeva (of the Vṛṣṇi dynasty). Here it refers to Śrī Kṛṣṇa.
In the verses the विवक्षा is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्। Hence the form is वासुदेवम्।

(1) वसुदेव ङस् + अण् । By 4-1-114 ऋष्यन्धकवृष्णिकुरुभ्यश्च – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant) the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has as its base the name of a sage, or of one born in the ‘अन्धक’, ‘वृष्णि’ or ‘कुरु’ dynasty.
Note: First the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् prescribes the default affix ‘अण्’ which is over-ruled by the affix ‘इञ्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-95 अत इञ्) and finally the सूत्रम् 4-1-114 ऋष्यन्धकवृष्णिकुरुभ्यश्च re-prescribes the affix ‘अण्’ because ‘वसुदेव’ denotes the name of one born in the ‘वृष्णि’ dynasty.
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) वसुदेव ङस् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘वसुदेव ङस् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) वसुदेव + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्)। This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step.

(4) वासुदेव + अ । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वासुदेव’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) वासुदेव् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= वासुदेव । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वासुदेव’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(6) वासुदेव + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌
Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of the affix ‘अम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7) वासुदेवम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

We can similarly derive the following –
१) धृतराष्ट्रस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = धार्तराष्ट्रः – a (male) descendant of (the king) Dhṛtarāṣṭra (of the Kuru dynasty)

वासिष्ठाः mNp

Today we will look at the form वासिष्ठाः mNp from श्रीमद्-वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 1.57.14.

अशक्यमिति चाप्युक्तो वसिष्ठेन महात्मना । प्रत्याख्यातो वसिष्ठेन स ययौ दक्षिणां दिशम् ∥ १-५७-१३ ∥
ततस्तत्कर्मसिद्ध्यर्थं पुत्रांस्तस्य गतो नृपः । वासिष्ठा दीर्घतपसस्तपो यत्र हि तेपिरे ∥ १-५७-१४ ∥
त्रिशङ्कुस्तु महातेजाः शतं परमभास्वरम् । वसिष्ठपुत्रान् ददृशे तप्यमानान् मनस्विनः ∥ १-५७-१५ ∥

Gita Press translation – “He was, however, told by the mighty Vasiṣṭha that it was not possible to conduct such a sacrifice. Repulsed by Vasiṣṭha, he proceeded to the southern quarter (13). For the accomplishment of the said purpose the king then sought Vasiṣṭha’s sons at the place where they were actually leading an austere life, engaged as they were in a prolonged course of austerities (14). The exceptionally glorious Triśaṅku beheld (from a distance) the hundred high-minded and supremely resplendant sons of Vasiṣṭha practicing austerities (15).

वसिष्ठस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = वासिष्ठः – a (male) descendant of the sage Vasiṣṭha. Here it refers to the son of Vasiṣṭha.
In the verses the विवक्षा is प्रथमा-बहुवचनम्। Hence the form is वासिष्ठाः।

(1) वसिष्ठ ङस् + अण् । By 4-1-114 ऋष्यन्धकवृष्णिकुरुभ्यश्च – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant) the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has as its base the name of a sage, or of one born in the ‘अन्धक’, ‘वृष्णि’ or ‘कुरु’ dynasty.
Note: First the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् prescribes the default affix ‘अण्’ which is over-ruled by the affix ‘इञ्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-95 अत इञ्) and finally the सूत्रम् 4-1-114 ऋष्यन्धकवृष्णिकुरुभ्यश्च re-prescribes the affix ‘अण्’ because ‘वसिष्ठ’ denotes the name of a sage.
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) वसिष्ठ ङस् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘वसिष्ठ ङस् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) वसिष्ठ + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्)। This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step.

(4) वासिष्ठ + अ । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वासिष्ठ’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) वासिष्ठ् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= वासिष्ठ । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वासिष्ठ’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(6) वासिष्ठ + जस् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌

(7) वासिष्ठ + अस् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-7 चुटू and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘स्’ of ‘जस्’ from getting the इत्-सञ्ज्ञा ।

(8) वासिष्ठास् । By 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः – When a अक् letter is followed by a vowel (अच्) of the first (nominative) or second (accusative) case then for the two of them (अक् + अच्) there is a single substitute which is the elongated form of the first member (the अक् letter.)

(9) वासिष्ठाः । रुँत्व-विसर्गौ by 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः

We can similarly derive the following –
१) विश्वामित्रस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = वैश्वामित्रः – a (male) descendant of the sage Viśwāmitra

वैश्रवणम् mAs/रावण mVs

Today we will look at the forms वैश्रवणम् mAs and रावण mVs from श्रीमद्वाल्मीकि-रामायणम् 3.48.21 and 3.48.22.

एवमुक्ता तु वैदेही क्रुद्धा संरक्तलोचना । अब्रवीत्परुषं वाक्यं रहिते राक्षसाधिपम् ।। ३-४८-२० ।।
कथं वैश्रवणं देवं सर्वभूतनमस्कृतम् । भ्रातरं व्यपदिश्य त्वमशुभं कर्तुमिच्छसि ।। ३-४८-२१ ।।
अवश्यं विनशिष्यन्ति सर्वे रावण राक्षसाः । येषां त्वं कर्कशो राजा दुर्बुद्धिरजितेन्द्रियः ।। ३-४८-२२ ।।

Gita Press translation “Enraged when spoken to as aforesaid, Sītā (a princess of the Videha territory) for her part with blood-red eyes addressed the following harsh words to Rāvaṇa (the suzerain lord of ogres) in that lonely place : – (20) “How after calling god Kubera (son of Viśravā), who is hailed by all gods, your (half-) brother, do you seek to perpetrate a foul deed ? (21) All ogres, O Rāvaṇa, will inevitably perish inasmuch as you – who are (so) hardhearted and evil-minded and have not been able to subdue your senses – are their ruler.(22)”

The above verses have previously appeared in the following post – विनशिष्यन्ति-3ap-लृँट्

विश्रवसोऽपत्यम् (पुमान्) = वैश्रवणः, रावणः – a (male) descendant of Viśravā. Note: वैश्रवणः can refer to either Kubera or Rāvaṇa, since both were sons of Viśravā. Here in the verses वैश्रवणः refers to Kubera.
In the verses, the विवक्षा for वैश्रवणम् is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्। And the विवक्षा for रावण is सम्बुद्धिः।

(1) विश्रवण/रवण ङस् + अण् । By 4-1-112 शिवादिभ्योऽण् – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant) the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has ‘शिव’ etc (listed in the शिवादि-गण:) as its base.
Note: ‘विश्रवण’ and ‘रवण’ are listed in the शिवादि-गणः, implying that ‘विश्रवस्’ takes the substitution ‘विश्रवण’/’रवण’ when followed by the affix ‘अण्’ in the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant).
Note: First the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् prescribes the default affix ‘अण्’ which is over-ruled by the affix ‘इञ्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-95 अत इञ्) and finally the सूत्रम् 4-1-112 शिवादिभ्योऽण् re-prescribes the affix ‘अण्’ because ‘विश्रवण’ and ‘रवण’ are specifically listed in the शिवादि-गण:।
Note: The अनुवृत्तिः of ‘गोत्रे’ from the सूत्रम् 4-1-98 गोत्रे कुञ्जादिभ्यश्च्फञ् does not come into this सूत्रम् 4-1-112. It stops at the prior सूत्रम् 4-1-111 भर्गात्‌ त्रैगर्ते।
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) विश्रवण/रवण ङस् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘विश्रवण/रवण ङस् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) विश्रवण/रवण + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्)। This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step.

(4) वैश्रवण/रावण + अ । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘वैश्रवण/रावण’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) वैश्रवण्/रावण् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= वैश्रवण/रावण । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘वैश्रवण’ as well as ‘रावण’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

The विवक्षा for वैश्रवणम् is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्।
(6a) वैश्रवण + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌
Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of the affix ‘अम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7a) वैश्रवणम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

And the विवक्षा for रावण is सम्बुद्धिः।
Note: By 2-3-49 एकवचनं सम्बुद्धि: – The nominative singular affix (‘सुँ’) when used in a vocative form gets the designation सम्बुद्धि:।

(6b) (हे) रावण + सुँ । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌। By 2-3-47 सम्बोधने च – A first case affix (‘सुँ’, ‘औ’, ‘जस्’) is used to denote ‘address’ (in addition to the meaning of the nominal stem) also. Note: सम् (सम्मुखीकृत्य) बोधनम् (ज्ञापनम्) = सम्बोधनम्। सम्बोधनम् means drawing someone’s attention (to inform him/her of something.)

(7b) (हे) रावण + स् । अनुबन्ध-लोप: by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

(8b) (हे) रावण । By 6-1-69 एङ्ह्रस्वात्‌ सम्बुद्धेः – Following a अङ्गम् ending in ‘एङ्’ (letter ‘ए’ or ‘ओ’) or a short vowel, a consonant is dropped if it belongs to a सम्बुद्धि: affix.

We can similarly derive the following –
१) ककुत्स्थस्यापत्यम् (पुमान्) = काकुत्स्थः (रामः) – a (male) descendant of (the king) Kakutstha. It refers to Śrī Rāma.

भौमः mNs

Today we will look at the form भौमः mNs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् 10.59.21.

शूलं भौमोऽच्युतं हन्तुमाददे वितथोद्यमः । तद्विसर्गात्पूर्वमेव नरकस्य शिरो हरिः । अपाहरद्गजस्थस्य चक्रेण क्षुरनेमिना ।। १०-५९-२१ ।।
सकुण्डलं चारुकिरीटभूषणं बभौ पृथिव्यां पतितं समुज्ज्वलत् । हाहेति साध्वित्यृषयः सुरेश्वरा माल्यैर्मुकुन्दं विकिरन्त ईडिरे ।। १०-५९-२२ ।।

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
गरुडे वितथोद्यमः सन् शूलं त्रिशूलमाददे धृतवान् ।। २१ ।। २२ ।।

Gita Press translation – His attempt having proved futile, Naraka (son of Mother Earth) picked up a pike with intent to strike at Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (But) before he could discharge it, Śrī Kṛṣṇa with his discus (Sudarśana), which was keen-edged as a razor, lopped up the head of Naraka, who rode on an elephant (21). Fallen on the ground, Naraka’s head, which was accompanied with a pair of ear-rings and adorned with a lovely diadem, shone most resplendent. “Oh, what a pity!” cried his people and “Bravo!” exclaimed the seers; while the chiefs of gods extolled Śrī Kṛṣṇa (the Bestower of Liberation,) covering Him with (a shower of) flowers (22).

The above verses have previously appeared in the following post – गजस्थस्य-mgs

भूमेरपत्यम् (पुमान्) = भौमः – a (male) descendant of Mother Earth. Here it refers to Naraka (son of Mother Earth).
Note: Depending on the context, भौमः could also refer to मङ्गलः (the planet Mars).
In the verses the विवक्षा is प्रथमा-एकवचनम्।

(1) भूमि ङस् + अण् । By 4-1-112 शिवादिभ्योऽण् – To denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant) the तद्धित: affix ‘अण्’ may be applied optionally following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, provided the पदम् ends in a sixth case affix and has ‘शिव’ etc (listed in the शिवादि-गण:) as its base.
Note: First the सूत्रम् 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् prescribes the default affix ‘अण्’ which is over-ruled by the affix ‘ढक्’ (prescribed by the सूत्रम् 4-1-120 स्त्रीभ्यो ढक्) and finally the सूत्रम् 4-1-112 शिवादिभ्योऽण् re-prescribes the affix ‘अण्’ because ‘भूमि’ is specifically listed in the शिवादि-गण:।
Note: The अनुवृत्तिः of ‘गोत्रे’ from the सूत्रम् 4-1-98 गोत्रे कुञ्जादिभ्यश्च्फञ् does not come into this सूत्रम् 4-1-112. It stops at the prior सूत्रम् 4-1-111 भर्गात्‌ त्रैगर्ते।
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) भूमि ङस् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘भूमि ङस् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) भूमि + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अण्’ is a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as इत्)। This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step.

(4) भौमि + अ । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘भौमि’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) भौम् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= भौम । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘भौम’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(6) भौम + सुँ । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिँभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्

(7) भौम + स् । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-2 उपदेशेऽजनुनासिक इत् and 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः।

(8) भौमः । रुँत्व-विसर्गौ by 8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः

We can similarly derive the following –
१) इलाया अपत्यम् (पुमान्) = ऐलः (पुरूरवाः) – a (male) descendant of Ilā. It refers to Purūravā

पौत्रम् mAs

Today we will look at the form पौत्रम् mAs from श्रीमद्भागवतम् verse 1.13.16.

युधिष्ठिरो लब्धराज्यो दृष्ट्वा पौत्रं कुलन्धरम् ।
भ्रातृभिर्लोकपालाभैर्मुमुदे परया श्रिया ∥ १-१३-१६ ∥

श्रीधर-स्वामि-टीका
इदानीं राज्यस्यापकर्षं निरूपयितुमुत्कर्षं निगमयति – युधिष्ठिर इति । कुलन्धरं वंशधरम् ∥ १६ ∥

Gita Press translation “Having got back his kingdom and seen the face of a grandson capable of upholding the traditions of the family, Yudhiṣṭhira in his supreme splendor rejoiced with his younger brothers who were as powerful as the guardians of the various worlds (16).”

पुत्रस्यानन्तरापत्यम् (पुमान्) = पौत्रः – an immediate (male) descendant of a son = grandson (son’s son)
In the verses the विवक्षा is द्वितीया-एकवचनम्। Hence the form is पौत्रम्।

(1) पुत्र ङस् + अञ् । By 4-1-104 अनृष्यानन्तर्ये बिदादिभ्योऽञ् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed, and which ends in a sixth case affix and which has ‘बिद’ etc (listed in the बिदादि-गण:) as its base, the तद्धित: affix ‘अञ्’ may be applied optionally to denote the sense of
i) गोत्रापत्यम् (ref: 4-1-162 अपत्यं पौत्रप्रभृति गोत्रम्‌) of a sage
ii) अनन्तरापत्यम् (immediate descendant) of one who is not a sage.
As per the सूत्रम् 4-1-92 तस्यापत्यम् – Following a syntactically related पदम् in which the सन्धिः operations have been performed and which ends in a sixth case affix the तद्धिता: affixes already prescribed (by the prior rules 4-1-83 प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् etc), as well as those that are going to be prescribed (by the following rules 4-1-95 अत इञ् etc), may be optionally applied to denote the sense of अपत्यम् (descendant.)

(2) पुत्र ङस् + अ । अनुबन्ध-लोपः by 1-3-3 हलन्त्यम्, 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

Note: ‘पुत्र ङस् + अ’ gets the designation प्रातिपदिकम्‌ by 1-2-46 कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च। This allows 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः to apply in the next step.

(3) पुत्र + अ । By 2-4-71 सुपो धातुप्रातिपदिकयोः – A सुँप् affix takes a लुक् elision when it is a part of a धातुः or a प्रातिपदिकम्।

Note: The affix ‘अञ्’ is a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as इत्)। This allows 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः to apply in the next step.

(4) पौत्र + अ । By 7-2-117 तद्धितेष्वचामादेः – The first vowel among the vowels of a अङ्गम् which is followed by a तद्धित: affix (ref. 4-1-76 तद्धिताः) which is either a ञित् (has the letter ‘ञ्’ as a इत्) or a णित् (has the letter ‘ण्’ as a इत्) takes the वृद्धि: (ref. 1-1-1 वृद्धिरादैच्) substitute.

Note: The अङ्गम् ‘पौत्र’ gets the भ-सञ्ज्ञा by 1-4-18 यचि भम् which allows 6-4-148 यस्येति च to apply in the next step.

(5) पौत्र् + अ । By 6-4-148 यस्येति च – When the letter ‘ई’ or a ‘तद्धित’ affix follows, the (ending) इ-वर्ण: (letter ‘इ’ or ‘ई’) or the (ending) अवर्ण: (letter ‘अ’ or ‘आ’) of the अङ्गम् with the भ-सञ्ज्ञा takes elision (लोपः)।

= पौत्र । The प्रातिपदिकम् ‘पौत्र’ declines like राम-शब्दः।

(6) पौत्र + अम् । By 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌
Note: 1-3-4 न विभक्तौ तुस्माः prevents the ending letter ‘म्’ of the affix ‘अम्’ from getting इत्-सञ्ज्ञा।

(7) पौत्रम् । By 6-1-107 अमि पूर्वः – In place of a preceding अक् letter and the following vowel (अच्) belonging to the affix ‘अम्’ there is a single substitute of that preceding अक् letter.

We can similarly derive the following –
१) दुहितुरनन्तरापत्यम् (पुमान्) = दौहित्रः – an immediate (male) descendant of a daughter = grandson (daughter’s son)

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