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देव्याः fGs

नमः सर्वेभ्यः।

Today we will look at the derivation of sixth case singular form देव्याः in the verse देवी-कवचम् 2.

अस्ति गुह्यतमं विप्र सर्वभूतोपकारकम्।
देव्यास्तु कवचं पुण्यं तच्छृणुष्व महामुने॥

(1) देवी + अस् – The सुँप्-प्रत्ययाः are ordained by 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छस्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌ । Since our विवक्षा is to form the षष्ठी एकवचनं रूपम्, we take the corresponding प्रत्ययः ङस्. ङकारः gets the इत् सञ्ज्ञा by 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते । and takes लोपः by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः ।

(2) देवी + आट् अस् – By 1-4-3 यू स्त्र्याख्यौ नदी ।, देवी gets the नदी सञ्ज्ञा. This triggers the आडागमः by 7-3-112 आण्नद्याः ।

(3) देवी + आस् – The आ of the आगमः and the अ of अस् get a वृद्धिः letter as a single substitute by 6-1-90 आटश्च ।

(4) देव्याः – Final form by performing यण्-सन्धिः (6-1-77 इको यणचि ।) and by रुँत्व-विसर्गौ (8-2-66 ससजुषो रुः । and 8-3-15 खरवसानयोर्विसर्जनीयः ।)


1. In the second step, why was the आगमः added to the beginning of the प्रत्ययः? How do we decide where to add it?
2. There are two words in the श्लोक: which have been used in the sense of सम्बोधने (address) – which are they?  What is the प्रातिपदिकम् in each case?

3. Do सन्धि-विच्छेद: of तच्छृणुष्व – please mention the relevant rules.

4.  In the compound महामुने which प्रातिपदिकम् was used to get the form “महा”? – we have seen some examples of this in the रामायणम् class.

1 Comment

  1. Namaste,

    1. By 1-1-46 आद्यन्तौ टकितौ (Satishji’s notes: An augment which is marked with ट् as an इत् will attach to the beginning of the term in the genitive case. )

    2. विप्र (प्रातिपदिकम् is विप्र – रामवत् शब्द: ) & महामुने (प्रातिपदिकम् is महामुनि – हरिवत् शब्द:)

    3. तत् , शृणुष्व
    तत् + शृणुष्व ( 8-4-40 स्तोः श्चुना श्चुः)
    => तच् + शृणुष्व (8-4-63 शश्छोऽटि, Satishji’s notes: When a झय् letter precedes, then the letter श् is optionally substituted by the letter छ् , if an अट् letter follows.)
    => तच्छृणुष्व

    4. The प्रातिपदिकम् is “महत्” By the rule 6-3-46 आन्महतः समानाधिकरणजातीययोः , the ending तकार: of “महत्” changes to an आकार: because “महत्” is in समानाधिकरणम् with “मुनि”. (समानाधिकरणम् means that the two words refer to the same thing or person.) Then by 6-1-101 अकः सवर्णे दीर्घः we get मह + आ = महा.

    Thank you Satishji.

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October 2010