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Example for यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा

Today we will look at the application of 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा from Bg2-6

न चैतद्विद्मः कतरन्नो गरीयो यद्वा जयेम यदि वा नो जयेयुः ।
यानेव हत्वा न जिजीविषामस्तेऽवस्थिताः प्रमुखे धार्तराष्ट्राः ।।२-६।।

The वृत्तिः for the सूत्रम् 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा is from Laghu Siddhanta Kaumudi is यरः पदान्तस्यानुनासिके परेऽनुनासिको वा स्यात्
When a nasal sound follows, then a यर् letter at the end of a पदम् is optionally substituted by a nasal. (Even though the rule is optional, as a convention it is always followed in classical Sanskrit.)

कतरत् + नः । कतरत् gets the पद संज्ञा by 1-4-14 सुप्तिङन्तं पदम्

कतरद् + नः । By 8-2-39 झलां जशोऽन्ते, the letter त् is replaced by द्, which is the closest substitute (1-1-50 स्थानेऽन्तरतमः)

कतरन् + नः । By 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा, the letter द् at the end of the पदम् gets replaced by अनुनासिकः optionally, since it is followed by an अनुनासिकः letter. By 1-1-50 स्थानेऽन्तरतमः, the closest substitute has to be chosen. द् and न् share a common place of articulation (दन्ताः) and same internal effort (स्पृष्टम्) So, न् is the closest substitute.

So, we get two final forms कदरद् नः and कतरन्नः


1. Perform सन्धिः between the words अकृतबुद्धित्वात् + न (Bg18-16)

2. Why did we have to apply 8-2-39 झलां जशोऽन्ते even though applying 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा directly on the initial letter त् would have given the same result?

3. Under 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा, the Siddhanta Kaumudi says स्थानप्रयत्नाभ्यामन्तरतमे स्पर्शे चरितार्थो विधिरयं रेफे न प्रवर्तते । चतुर्मुखः Please explain

4. Further under 8-4-45 यरोऽनुनासिकेऽनुनासिको वा, the Siddhanta Kaumudi says कथं तर्हि “महोदग्राः ककुद्मन्तः” इति? यवादिगणे दकारनिपातनात् Please explain

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July 2010