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Today, we will look at the first case masculine plural form of the सर्वनामशब्दः सर्वे used in Bg1-9

अन्ये च बहवः शूरा मदर्थे त्यक्तजीविताः ।
नानाशस्त्रप्रहरणाः सर्वे युद्धविशारदाः ।। १-९ ।।

सर्व gets the प्रातिपदिक-संज्ञा by 1-2-45 अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् and सर्वनाम-संज्ञा by 1-1-27 सर्वादीनि सर्वनामानि

The विवक्षा is प्रथमा-विभक्तिः, बहुवचनम्
सर्व + जस् । 4-1-2 स्वौजसमौट्छष्टाभ्याम्भिस्ङेभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसिभ्याम्भ्यस्ङसोसाम्ङ्योस्सुप्‌

सर्व + शी । 7-1-17 जसः शी Following a pronoun ending in short ‘अ’ the nominative plural ending ‘जस्’ is replaced by ‘शी’

सर्व ई । By 1-3-8 लशक्वतद्धिते, the leading letter श् of a प्रत्ययः gets इत्-संज्ञा and is elided by 1-3-9 तस्य लोपः

सर्वे । By 6-1-87 आद्गुणः, In place of a preceding अवर्ण: letter (‘अ’ or ‘आ’) and a following अच् letter, there is a single substitute of a गुण: letter (‘अ’, ‘ए’, ‘ओ’)। Note: ‘अ’, ‘ए’ and ‘ओ’ get the गुण-सञ्ज्ञा by the सूत्रम् 1-1-2 अदेङ् गुणः

1. How is this form different from the रामशब्दः in प्रथमा-विभक्तिः बहुवचनम् What is the reason for the difference?

2. Why did we apply 6-1-87 आद्गुणः instead of the rule 6-1-102 प्रथमयोः पूर्वसवर्णः in the last step?

3. Is जस् a तद्धित-प्रत्ययः? Why or why not?

4. The अधिकारः प्रत्ययः runs through all of adhayays 3, 4 and 5. Therefore, any प्रत्ययः mandated by Panini should occur in one of these adhayayas.The शी-आदेश comes by rule 7-1-17 जसः शी, which is outside the adhyayas 3, 4 and 5. Then, how does शी become a प्रत्ययः for us to remove the leading letter श्?

5. In the second step, how did we narrow down to जस् from the list of 21 affixes? What are the rules involved here?

6. In the प्रत्ययः सुँ, the letter उ was an इत् letter. Why is the letter ई in शी not an इत् letter?

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July 2010